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On This Day in History:  August 23

August 23 is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 130 days remain until the end of the year.

Lottery News On This Day

2019
Best friends of over 50 years share $2M lottery prize. Two Canadian women who have been friends for more than five decades won a $2 million lottery prize, the British Columbia Lottery announced.
2019
Longtime Mass Lottery employee fired for allegedly cashing unsold winning scratch tickets. A longtime sales supervisor for the Massachusetts State Lottery was fired Tuesday after he was seen cashing winning instant tickets, a state official said, sparking fear that the lottery's supposedly strict security protocols may have been violated.
2016
Alabama lottery bill won't make it on November ballot. The Alabama House of Representatives today blocked a committee meeting that was necessary for Gov. Robert Bentley's lottery proposal to get on the ballot in the Nov. 8 general election.
2014
With Northstar terminated, what will the Illinois Lottery do now?. In the wake of Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn's politically-expedient move late last week to fire Northstar Lottery Group, the question becomes, what's next for the Illinois Lottery?
2014
Illinois to fire private lottery operator. The bumpy marriage between the state and the private company that operates the Illinois Lottery is ending in a divorce.
2012
Maryland lottery player gets lucky 4 times this summer for $101K. A Maryland man hit a grand slam this summer playing the state lottery: four winning tickets totaling $101,000 in prize money.
2011
Mass. man claims $32M Mega Millions lottery jackpot. A lottery winner has come forward in Boston and claimed the $32 million Mega Millions jackpot from the Fri., Aug. 19, 2011 drawing.
2009
Teacher won Powerball lottery jackpot in 1993, now runs camp for kids. A former junior high school teacher who was thrust from obscurity into the national spotlight when he won a $111 million Powerball jackpot in July 1993, now oversees a camp on 226 acres he purchased with a portion of his lottery winnings.
2008
Florida Lottery draws same Play 4 numbers. Despite receiving many calls from curious players about the same number being drawn in consecutive drawings, the Florida Lottery said it was just a coincidence.
2007
Tenn Lottery spokeswoman said no chance of drawing error. In early August, when Tennessee Lottery players began seeing the effects of the state's new computerized drawing system, and didn't like what they saw, the lottery's spokeswoman responded with reassuring words. Now she is forced to eat those words.
2007
Players warned lottery about tickets flaw. Tennessee lottery players say they warned lottery officials more than 10 days ago that a new computerized system to pick random numbers in the Cash 3 and Cash 4 games appeared to be malfunctioning.
2006
Mass. lottery addresses Asian gambling addicts. The Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling is taking aim at a new group -- Asian gamblers.
2006
WOW, TALK ABOUT ADDICTION: Woman stole $2.3M to buy lottery tickets. A former Long Island bookkeeper for a doctors' office pleaded guilty Wednesday to second-degree grand larceny, admitting she stole more than $2.3 million that she used to buy lottery tickets.
2006
Newspaper apologizes for lottery results error. This morning the Montreal Gazette printed a half-apology to a Quebec man who recently threatened to sue the newspaper after the paper's error made him think he'd won a huge lottery jackpot when he hadn't.
2006
Mysterious $49 Million Mega Millions Winner Claims Prize. The waiting is over for Maryland residents waiting to discover who bought a winning Mega Millions ticket worth $49 million in the July 18th drawing. Well, sort of.
2005
Explosion, fire, shut down Iowa Lottery Headquarters. An explosion and smoky fire Tuesday has forced the evacuation of the Iowa Lottery Headquarters building in Des Moines.
2005
S.C. woman wins $1 million with instant lottery. A Kingstree, South Carolina, woman won $1 million from the S.C. Education Lottery's $100 million Cash Bonanza instant-ticket game.
2005
Financial analyst looks at lottery jackpot cash/annuity options. Don Taylor, a chartered financial analyst who holds a doctorate in finance, answers a common lottery question about how to take jackpot winnings.
2005
N.C. lottery still 1 vote shy of passing. Raleigh political watchers are trying to figure out whether North Carolina legislators will get a final chance for the year to pass a state lottery.
2005
Florida Lotto winner buys golf course for $1.4 million. A 2002 winner of the Florida lottery purchased the Ironwood Golf Course in East Naples today for $1.4 million.
2005
Elderly Canadian couple claim lottery jackpot. A beaming Brockville, Ontario, couple, who are both almost 90, have entered Canada's millionaire club after cashing in their Lotto/49 ticket from the Aug. 6 draw.
2004
Powerball jackpot grows to $21 million. The Powerball jackpot will grow to an estimated $21 million for Wednesday, since no one matched all six numbers drawn in Saturday night's game.
2004
Florida Lotto Rolls to $6 Million. No tickets matched all six Florida Lotto numbers, producing a $6 million jackpot for Wednesday's drawing, lottery officials said Sunday.
2004
NY Lotto Winner Shares Prize with Ex-Wife. A Staten Island man who bought a winning $3 million lottery ticket last month pocketed a check for $468,153 on Monday, after sharing half of his prize with his former wife.
2004
$9 million Florida Lotto winner sought. If you happened to buy a Lotto ticket this week at a Publix off Wiles Road in Coral Springs, Florida, you may be a millionaire -- times nine.
2004
$52 Million Mega Millions Lottery Ticket Sold in Ohio. A convenience store in the Cleveland suburb of Shaker Heights sold the single winning ticket in the latest Mega Millions lottery drawing, worth $52 million, the Ohio Lottery said Saturday.
2004
Michigan Lottery dropping Roll Down, adding Fantasy 5. The Michigan Lottery says it is dropping the Roll Down game Sept. 11 and adding Fantasy 5, a game in which players try to match five numbers from one to 39.
2003
Transmission failure shuts down NJ lottery machines. Lottery machines in a number of New Jersey retail stores shut down early Friday afternoon due to problems with faulty data communication lines.

Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day

1.$758.7 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Aug 23, 2017
2.$314.3 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Aug 25, 2007
3.$280 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Aug 25, 2001
4.$252 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Aug 25, 2009
5.$201 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Aug 24, 2007
6.€127.53 Million
US$144.35 Million
Draw Date
Aug 23, 2016
7.€122 Million
US$134.51 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Aug 25, 2020
8.€88 Million
US$129.4 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Aug 29, 2008
9.$127 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Aug 24, 2016
10.€93 Million
US$124.33 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Aug 23, 2013
11.$120 Million
California
SuperLotto Plus
Draw Date
Aug 24, 2002
12.$118 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Aug 24, 2018
13.$115 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Aug 24, 2010
14.$114 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Aug 26, 2008
15.€100 Million
US$111.24 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Aug 23, 2019
16.€74 Million
US$106.76 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Aug 23, 2011
17.€90 Million
US$100.12 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Aug 23, 2019
18.$100 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Aug 23, 2003
18.$100 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Aug 26, 2015
20.$92 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Aug 24, 2013
21.$90 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Aug 23, 2002
21.$90 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Aug 23, 2019
23.$84 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Aug 23, 2005
24.$80 Million
California
SuperLotto Plus
Draw Date
Aug 25, 2007
25.$74 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Aug 24, 2001

Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day

1994
Tuesday, Aug 23, 1994
26 years old
1991
Friday, Aug 23, 1991
29 years old
1989
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1989
31 years old
1982
Monday, Aug 23, 1982
38 years old
1982
Monday, Aug 23, 1982
38 years old
1976
Monday, Aug 23, 1976
44 years old
1972
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1972
48 years old
1968
Friday, Aug 23, 1968
52 years old
1968
Friday, Aug 23, 1968
52 years old
1968
Friday, Aug 23, 1968
52 years old
1967
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1967
53 years old
1967
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1967
53 years old
1962
Thursday, Aug 23, 1962
58 years old
1961
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1961
59 years old
1958
Saturday, Aug 23, 1958
62 years old
1957
Friday, Aug 23, 1957
63 years old
1956
Thursday, Aug 23, 1956
64 years old
1955
Tuesday, Aug 23, 1955
65 years old
1951
Thursday, Aug 23, 1951
69 years old
1951
Thursday, Aug 23, 1951
69 years old
1947
Saturday, Aug 23, 1947
73 years old
1946
Friday, Aug 23, 1946
74 years old
1939
Wednesday, Aug 23, 1939
81 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)

Worldwide Events On This Day

2013
A riot at the Palmasola prison complex in Santa Cruz, Bolivia kills 31 people.
2012
A hot-air balloon crashes near the Slovenian capital of Ljubljana, killing six people and injuring 28 others.
2011
A magnitude 5.8 (class: moderate) earthquake occurs in Virginia. Damage occurs to monuments and structures in Washington D.C. and the resulted damage is estimated at $200 million-$300 million USD.
2011
Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is overthrown after the National Transitional Council forces take control of Bab al-Azizia compound during the Libyan Civil War.
2007
The skeletal remains of Russia's last royal family members Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Grand Duchess Anastasia are discovered near Yekaterinburg, Russia.
2006
Natascha Kampusch, who had been abducted at the age of ten, escapes from her captor Wolfgang Přiklopil, after eight years of captivity.
2000
Gulf Air Flight 072 crashes into the Persian Gulf near Manama, Bahrain, killing 143.
1994
Eugene Bullard, the only African American pilot in World War I, is posthumously commissioned as Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force.
1991
The World Wide Web is opened to the public.
1990
Saddam Hussein appears on Iraqi state television with a number of Western "guests" (actually hostages) to try to prevent the Gulf War.
1990
Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
1990
West and East Germany announce that they will reunite on October 3.
1989
Singing Revolution: Two million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stand on the Vilnius-Tallinn road, holding hands.
1985
Hans Tiedge, top counter-spy of West Germany, defects to East Germany.
1975
The Pontiac Silverdome opens in Pontiac, Michigan, 30 miles (48 km) northwest of Detroit, Michigan
1973
A bank robbery gone wrong in Stockholm, Sweden, turns into a hostage crisis; over the next five days the hostages begin to sympathise with their captors, leading to the term "Stockholm syndrome".
1970
Organized by Mexican Americanlabor union leader César Chávez, the Salad Bowl strike, the largest farm worker strike in U.S. history, begins.
1966
Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth from orbit around the Moon.
1958
Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
1954
First flight of the Lockheed C-130 multi-role aircraft.
1948
World Council of Churches is formed by 147 churches from 44 countries.
1946
Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Länder (states) of Hanover and Schleswig-Holstein.
1945
World War II: Soviet-Japanese War: The USSR State Defense Committee issues Decree no. 9898cc "About Receiving, Accommodation, and Labor Utilization of the Japanese Army Prisoners of War".
1944
World War II: Marseille is liberated by the Allies.
1944
World War II: King Michael of Romaniadismisses the pro-Nazi government of Marshal Antonescu, who is arrested. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies.
1944
Freckleton Air Disaster: A United States Army Air ForcesB-24 Liberator bomber crashes into a school in Freckleton, England, killing 61 people.
1943
World War II: Kharkiv is liberated after the Battle of Kursk.
1942
World War II: Beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad.
1939
World War II: Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. In a secret addition to the pact, the Baltic states, Finland, Romania, and Poland are divided between the two nations.
1929
Hebron Massacre during the 1929 Palestine riots: Arab attack on the Jewish community in Hebron in the British Mandate of Palestine, continuing until the next day, resulted in the death of 65-68 Jews and the remaining Jews being forced to leave the city.
1927
Italian anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti are executed after a lengthy, controversial trial.
1923
CaptainLowell Smith and Lieutenant John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
1921
British airship R-38 experiences structural failure over Hull in England and crashes in the Humber Estuary. Of her 49 British and American training crew, only four survive.
1914
World War I: The British Expeditionary Force and the French Fifth Army begin their Great Retreat before the German Army.
1914
World War I: Japan declares war on Germany.
1904
The automobile tire chain is patented.
1898
The Southern Cross Expedition, the first British venture of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, departs from London.
1873
Albert Bridge in Chelsea, London opens.
1866
Austro-Prussian War ends with the Treaty of Prague.
1864
American Civil War: The Union Navycaptures Fort Morgan, Alabama, thus breaking Confederate dominance of all ports on the Gulf of Mexico except Galveston, Texas.
1839
The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares for war with Qing China. The ensuing three-year conflict will later be known as the First Opium War.
1831
Nat Turner's slave rebellion is suppressed.
1813
At the Battle of Großbeeren, the Prussians under Von Bülow repulse the French army.
1799
Napoleon I of France leaves Egypt for France en route to seizing power.
1784
Western North Carolina (now eastern Tennessee) declares itself an independent state under the name of Franklin; it is not accepted into the United States, and only lasts for four years.
1775
American Revolutionary War: King George III delivers his Proclamation of Rebellion to the Court of St James's stating that the American colonies have proceeded to a state of open and avowed rebellion.
1703
Edirne event: Sultan Mustafa II of the Ottoman Empire is dethroned.
1655
Battle of Sobota: The Swedish Empire led by Charles X Gustav defeats the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1628
George Villiers, the first Duke of Buckingham, is assassinated by John Felton.
1600
Battle of Gifu Castle: The eastern forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu defeat the western Japanese clans loyal to Toyotomi Hideyori, leading to the destruction of Gifu Castle and serving as a prelude to the Battle of Sekigahara.
1595
Long Turkish War: Wallachian princeMichael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Călugăreni and achieves a tactical victory.
1572
French Wars of Religion: Mob violence against thousands of Huguenots in Paris results in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre.
1541
French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada.
1521
Christian II of Denmark is deposed as king of Sweden and Gustav Vasa is elected regent.
1514
The Battle of Chaldiran ends with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, founder of the Safavid dynasty.
1382
Siege of Moscow: The Golden Horde led by Tokhtamysh lays siege to the capital of the Grand Duchy of Moscow.
1328
Battle of Cassel: French troops stop an uprising of Flemish farmers.
1305
Sir William Wallace is executed for high treason at Smithfield, London.
1268
Battle of Tagliacozzo: The army of Charles of Anjou defeats the Ghibellines supporters of Conradin of Hohenstaufen marking the fall of the Hohenstaufen family from the Imperial and Sicilian thrones, and leading to the new chapter of Angevin domination in Southern Italy.
1244
Siege of Jerusalem: The city's citadel, the Tower of David, surrenders to Khwarezmian Empire.
634
Abu Bakr dies at Medina and is succeeded by Umar I who becomes the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
476
Odoacer, chieftain of the Germanic tribes (Herulic - Scirianfoederati), is proclaimed rex Italiae ("King of Italy") by his troops.
406
Gothic king Radagaisus is executed after he is defeated by Roman general Stilicho and 12,000 "barbarians" are incorporated into the Roman army or sold as slaves.
AD 79
Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on the feast day of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.
20 BC
Ludi Volcanalici are held within the temple precinct of Vulcan, and used by Augustus to mark the treaty with Parthia and the return of the legionary standards that had been lost at the Battle of Carrhae in 53 BC.
30 BC
After the successful invasion of Egypt, Octavian executes Marcus Antonius Antyllus, eldest son of Mark Antony, and Caesarion, the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt and only child of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra.

Births On This Day

1997
Lil Yachty, American rapper and singer
1994
August Ames, Canadian pornographic actress (d. 2017)
1993
Iván López, Spanish professional footballer
1990
Seth Curry, American basketball player
1989
Trixie Mattel, American drag queen, actor, and country singer
1989
Heiko Schwarz, German footballer
1989
Lianne La Havas, British singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist
1988
Olga Govortsova, Belarusian tennis player
1988
Carl Hagelin, Swedish ice hockey player
1988
Jeremy Lin, American basketball player
1986
Neil Cicierega, American comedian and musician
1986
Brett Morris, Australian rugby league player
1986
Josh Morris, Australian rugby league player
1985
Valeria Lukyanova, Moldovan-Ukrainian model and singer
1984
Glen Johnson, English footballer
1984
Eric Tai, New Zealand rugby player and actor
1983
James Collins, Welsh footballer
1983
Athena Farrokhzad, Iranian-Swedish poet, playwright, and critic
1983
Sun Mingming, Chinese basketball player
1983
Tony Moll, American football player
1983
Fiona Onasanya, British Labour Party politician and criminal
1983
Bruno Spengler, Canadian race car driver
1982
Natalie Coughlin, American swimmer
1982
Scott Palguta, American soccer player
1982
Cristian Tudor, Romanian footballer (d. 2012)
1981
Carlos Cuéllar, Spanish footballer
1981
Stephan Loboué, Ivorian footballer
1980
Denny Bautista, Dominican baseball player
1980
Nadine Jolie Courtney, American journalist, reality personality and author
1980
Rex Grossman, American football player
1980
Nenad Vučković, Serbian handball player
1979
Jessica Bibby, Australian basketball player
1979
Saskia Clark, English sailor
1979
Edgar Sosa, Mexican boxer
1979
Zuzana Váleková, Slovak tennis player
1978
Kobe Bryant, American basketball player and businessman
1978
Julian Casablancas, American singer-songwriter and producer
1978
Randal Tye Thomas, American journalist and politician (d. 2014)
1978
Andrew Rannells, American actor and singer
1977
Douglas Sequeira, Costa Rican footballer and manager
1977
Jared Fogle, former spokesperson for chain restaurant Subway
1976
Pat Garrity, American basketball player
1975
Sean Marks, New Zealand basketball player and manager
1975
Eliza Carthy, English folk musician
1974
Lexi Alexander, American film and television director
1974
Mark Bellhorn, American baseball player
1974
Benjamin Limo, Kenyan runner
1974
Konstantin Novoselov, Russian-English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1974
Ray Park, Scottish actor and stuntman
1973
Casey Blake, American baseball player
1973
Kerry Walmsley, New Zealand cricketer
1972
Mark Butcher, English cricketer and singer
1972
Raul Casanova, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
1972
Anthony Calvillo, Canadian football player
1972
Martin Grainger, English footballer and manager
1972
Manuel Vidrio, Mexican footballer, coach, and manager
1971
Demetrio Albertini, Italian footballer and manager
1971
Tim Gutberlet, German footballer
1971
Gretchen Whitmer, 49th Governor of Michigan
1970
Lawrence Frank, American basketball player and coach
1970
Jason Hetherington, Australian rugby league player
1970
Jay Mohr, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1970
River Phoenix, American actor (d. 1993)
1969
Tinus Linee, South African rugby player and coach (d. 2014)
1969
Jack Lopresti, English soldier and politician
1969
Jeremy Schaap, American journalist and author
1969
Keith Tyson, English painter and illustrator
1968
Laura Claycomb, American soprano
1968
Chris DiMarco, American golfer
1967
Jim Murphy, Scottish lawyer and politician, Minister of State for Europe
1967
Richard Petrie, New Zealand cricketer
1966
Rik Smits, Dutch-American basketball player
1965
Roger Avary, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter
1963
Park Chan-wook, South Korean director, producer, and screenwriter
1963
Glória Pires, Brazilian actress
1963
Richard Illingworth, English cricketer and umpire
1963
Kenny Wallace, American race car driver
1962
Martin Cauchon, Canadian lawyer and politician, 46th Canadian Minister of Justice
1962
Shaun Ryder, English singer-songwriter and actor
1961
Dean DeLeo, American guitarist and songwriter
1961
Alexandre Desplat, French composer and conductor
1961
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, Iranian commander and politician, 54th Mayor of Tehran
1961
Gary Mabbutt, English footballer
1961
Hitomi Takahashi, Japanese actress
1960
Gary Hoey, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
1959
Edwyn Collins, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
1959
George Kalovelonis, Greek tennis player and coach
1958
Julio Franco, Dominican baseball player and manager
1957
Tasos Mitropoulos, Greek footballer and politician
1956
Andreas Floer, German mathematician and academic (d. 1991)
1956
Valgerd Svarstad Haugland, Norwegian educator and politician, Norwegian Minister of Culture
1955
David Learner, British actor
1954
Charles Busch, American actor and screenwriter
1954
Halimah Yacob, Singaporean unionist and politician, 9th Speaker and 8th President of Singapore
1953
Bobby G, English singer-songwriter
1952
Santillana, Spanish footballer
1952
Georgios Paraschos, Greek footballer and manager
1951
Allan Bristow, American basketball player and coach
1951
Mark Hudson, American musician, songwriter, and producer
1951
Jimi Jamison, American singer-songwriter and musician (Survivor) (d. 2014)
1951
Akhmad Kadyrov, Chechen cleric and politician, 1st President of the Chechen Republic (d. 2004)
1951
Queen Noor of Jordan
1950
Luigi Delneri, Italian footballer and manager
1949
Vicky Leandros, Greek singer and politician
1949
Shelley Long, American actress
1949
Rick Springfield, Australian-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
1948
Atef Bseiso, Palestinian intelligence officer (d. 1992)
1948
Andrei Pleșu, Romanian journalist and politician, 95th Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1948
Rudy Ruettiger, American football player
1948
Lev Zeleny, Russian physicist and academic
1947
Willy Russell, English playwright and composer
1947
Linda Thompson, English folk-rock singer-songwriter
1947
Rowena Wallace, English-Australian actress
1946
Keith Moon, English drummer, songwriter, and producer (d. 1978)
1945
Rayfield Wright, American football player and coach
1944
Antonia Novello, Puerto Rican-American physician and admiral, 14th Surgeon General of the United States
1943
Dale Campbell-Savours, Baron Campbell-Savours, English businessman and politician
1943
Nelson DeMille, American lieutenant and author
1943
Peter Lilley, English politician, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
1943
Pino Presti, Italian bass player, composer, conductor, and producer
1942
Nancy Richey, American tennis player
1941
Onora O'Neill, Baroness O'Neill of Bengarve, British philosopher, academic, and politician
1940
Galen Rowell, American mountaineer and photographer (d. 2002)
1940
Richard Sanders, American actor and screenwriter
1938
Giacomo Bini, Italian priest and missionary (d. 2014)
1938
Roger Greenaway, English singer-songwriter and producer
1936
Rudy Lewis, American R&B singer (The Drifters) (d. 1964)
1936
Henry Lee Lucas, American murderer (d. 2001)
1935
Roy Strong, English historian, curator, and author
1934
Sonny Jurgensen, American football player and sportscaster
1933
Robert Curl, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1933
Don Talbot, Australian swim coach and administrator
1933
Pete Wilson, American commander and politician, 36th Governor of California
1932
Houari Boumediene, Algerian colonel and politician, 2nd President of Algeria (d. 1978)
1932
Enos Nkala, Zimbabwean soldier and politician, Zimbabwean Minister of Defence (d. 2013)
1932
Mark Russell, American comedian and pianist
1931
Barbara Eden, American actress and singer
1931
Hamilton O. Smith, American microbiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1930
Michel Rocard, French civil servant and politician, 160th Prime Minister of France (d. 2016)
1929
Vladimir Beekman, Estonian poet and translator (d. 2009)
1929
Zoltán Czibor, Hungarian footballer (d. 1997)
1929
Vera Miles, American actress
1929
Peter Thomson, Australian golfer (d. 2018)
1928
Marian Seldes, American actress (d. 2014)
1927
Dick Bruna, Dutch author and illustrator (d. 2017)
1927
Allan Kaprow, American painter and author (d. 2006)
1927
Martial Solal, Algerian-French pianist and composer
1926
Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist and academic (d. 2006)
1926
Gyula Hernádi, Hungarian author and screenwriter (d. 2005)
1925
Robert Mulligan, American director and producer (d. 2008)
1924
Ephraim Kishon, Israeli author, screenwriter, and director (d. 2005)
1924
Robert Solow, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1923
Edgar F. Codd, English-American computer scientist and programmer (d. 2003)
1922
Nazik Al-Malaika, Iraqi poet and academic (d. 2007)
1922
Jean Darling, American actress and singer (d. 2015)
1922
George Kell, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2009)
1921
Kenneth Arrow, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
1921
Sam Cook, English cricketer and umpire (d. 1996)
1919
Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin, Azerbaijani mathematician and theorist (d. 1984)
1917
Tex Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1985)
1913
Bob Crosby, American swing singer and bandleader (d. 1993)
1912
Gene Kelly, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1996)
1912
Igor Troubetzkoy, Russian aristocrat and race car driver (d. 2008)
1910
Lonny Frey, American baseball player and soldier (d. 2009)
1910
Giuseppe Meazza, Italian footballer and manager (d. 1979)
1909
Syd Buller, English cricketer and umpire (d. 1970)
1908
Hannah Frank, Scottish sculptor and illustrator (d. 2008)
1906
Zoltan Sarosy, Hungarian-Canadian chess master (d. 2017)
1905
Ernie Bushmiller, American cartoonist (d. 1982)
1905
Constant Lambert, English composer and conductor (d. 1951)
1903
William Primrose, Scottish viola player and educator (d. 1982)
1901
Guy Bush, American baseball player and manager (d. 1985)
1901
John Sherman Cooper, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 2nd United States Ambassador to East Germany (d. 1991)
1900
Frances Adaskin, Canadian pianist (d. 2001)
1900
Ernst Krenek, Austrian-American composer and educator (d. 1991)
1900
Malvina Reynolds, American singer-songwriter and activist (d. 1978)
1897
Henry F. Pringle, American historian and journalist (d. 1958)
1894
John Auden, English solicitor, deputy coroner and a territorial soldier (d. 1959)
1891
Roy Agnew, Australian pianist and composer (d. 1944)
1890
Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founded Newsday (d. 1971)
1884
Will Cuppy, American author and critic (d. 1949)
1884
Ogden L. Mills, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 50th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1937)
1883
Jonathan M. Wainwright, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1953)
1880
Alexander Grin, Russian sailor and author (d. 1932)
1877
István Medgyaszay, Hungarian architect and academic (d. 1959)
1875
William Eccles, English physicist and engineer (d. 1966)
1875
Eugene Lanceray, Russian painter and sculptor (d. 1946)
1872
Tanguturi Prakasam, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Andhra (d. 1957)
1868
Edgar Lee Masters, American lawyer, author, poet, and playwright (d. 1950)
1867
Edgar de Wahl, Ukrainian-Estonian linguist and academic (d. 1948)
1864
Eleftherios Venizelos, Greek lawyer, jurist, and politician, 93rd Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1936)
1854
Moritz Moszkowski, Polish-German pianist and composer (d. 1925)
1852
Radha Gobinda Kar, Indian physician and philanthropist (d. 1918)
1852
Clímaco Calderón, Colombian lawyer and politician, 15th President of Colombia (d. 1913)
1852
Arnold Toynbee, English economist and historian (d. 1883)
1850
John Cockburn, Scottish-Australian politician, 18th Premier of South Australia (d. 1929)
1849
William Ernest Henley, English poet and critic (d. 1903)
1847
Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (d. 1927)
1846
Alexander Milne Calder, Scottish-American sculptor (d. 1923)
1843
William Southam, Canadian publisher (d. 1932)
1829
Moritz Cantor, German mathematician and historian (d. 1920)
1814
James Roosevelt Bayley, American archbishop (d. 1877)
1805
Anton von Schmerling, Austrian judge and politician (d. 1893)
1785
Oliver Hazard Perry, American commander (d. 1819)
1783
William Tierney Clark, English engineer, designed the Hammersmith Bridge (d. 1852)
1769
Georges Cuvier, French biologist and academic (d. 1832)
1754
Louis XVI of France (d. 1793)
1741
Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, French admiral and explorer (d. 1788)
1724
Abraham Yates, Jr., American lawyer and civil servant (d. 1796)
1623
Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, theologian, and historian (d. 1675)
1579
Thomas Dempster, Scottish scholar and historian (d. 1625)
1524
François Hotman, French lawyer and jurist (d. 1590)
1498
Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal (d. 1500)
1486
Sigismund von Herberstein, Slovenian historian and diplomat (d. 1566)
1482
Jo Gwang-jo, Korean philosopher (d. 1520)

Deaths On This Day

2016
Steven Hill, American actor (b. 1922)
2015
Augusta Chiwy, Congolese-Belgian nurse (b. 1921)
2015
Guy Ligier, French rugby player and race car driver (b. 1930)
2015
Enrique Reneau, Honduran footballer (b. 1971)
2015
Paul Royle, Australian lieutenant and pilot (b. 1914)
2014
Albert Ebossé Bodjongo, Cameroonian footballer (b. 1989)
2014
Annefleur Kalvenhaar, Dutch cyclist (b. 1994)
2014
Dan Magill, American swimmer, tennis player, and coach (b. 1921)
2014
Birgitta Stenberg, Swedish author and illustrator (b. 1932)
2014
Jaume Vallcorba Plana, Spanish philologist and publisher (b. 1949)
2013
Richard J. Corman, American businessman, founded the R.J. Corman Railroad Group (b. 1955)
2013
William Glasser, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1925)
2013
Charles Lisanby, American production designer and set director (b. 1924)
2013
Konstanty Miodowicz, Polish ethnographer and politician (b. 1951)
2013
Vesna Rožič, Slovenian chess player (b. 1987)
2013
Tatyana Zaslavskaya, Russian sociologist and economist (b. 1927)
2012
Merv Neagle, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1958)
2012
Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer and voice actor (b. 1934)
2012
Josepha Sherman, American anthologist and author (b. 1946)
2008
John Russell, English-American author and critic (b. 1919)
2006
Maynard Ferguson, Canadian trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1928)
2005
Brock Peters, American actor (b. 1927)
2003
Bobby Bonds, American baseball player and manager (b. 1946)
2003
Jack Dyer, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1913)
2003
Jan Sedivka, Czech-Australian violinist and educator (b. 1917)
2003
Michael Kijana Wamalwa, Kenyan lawyer and politician, 8th Vice President of Kenya (b. 1944)
2002
Hoyt Wilhelm, American baseball player and coach (b. 1922)
2001
Kathleen Freeman, American actress (b. 1919)
2001
Peter Maas, American journalist and author (b. 1929)
2000
John Anthony Kaiser, American priest and missionary (b. 1932)
1999
Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (b. 1926)
1997
Eric Gairy, Grenadian educator and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1922)
1997
John Kendrew, English biochemist and crystallographer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
1996
Margaret Tucker, Australian author and activist (b. 1904)
1995
Alfred Eisenstaedt, German-American photographer and journalist (b. 1898)
1994
Zoltán Fábri, Hungarian director and screenwriter (b. 1917)
1990
David Rose, American pianist and composer (b. 1910)
1989
Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese poet and academic (b. 1944)
1989
R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist and author (b. 1927)
1987
Didier Pironi, French race car driver (b. 1952)
1982
Stanford Moore, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)
1977
Naum Gabo, Russian sculptor and academic (b. 1890)
1975
Faruk Gürler, Turkish general (b. 1913)
1974
Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist and author (b. 1888)
1967
Georges Berger, Belgian race car driver (b. 1918)
1967
Nathaniel Cartmell, American runner and coach (b. 1883)
1966
Francis X. Bushman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1883)
1964
Edmond Hogan, Australian politician, 30th Premier of Victoria (b. 1883)
1962
Walter Anderson, Russian-German ethnologist and academic (b. 1885)
1962
Hoot Gibson, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1892)
1960
Oscar Hammerstein II, American director, producer, and composer (b. 1895)
1954
Jaan Sarv, Estonian mathematician and scholar (b. 1877)
1949
Helen Churchill Candee, American geographer, journalist, and author (b. 1858)
1944
Abdülmecid II, Ottoman sultan (b. 1868)
1944
Stefan Filipkiewicz, Polish painter and illustrator (b. 1879)
1937
Albert Roussel, French composer and educator (b. 1869)
1933
Adolf Loos, Austrian architect and theoretician, designed Villa Müller (b. 1870)
1927
Nicola Sacco, Italian anarchist convicted of murder (b. 1891)
1927
Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist convicted of murder (b. 1888)
1926
Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor (b. 1895)
1924
Heinrich Berté, Slovak-Austrian composer (b. 1856)
1900
Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese general and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1840)
1892
Deodoro da Fonseca, Brazilian field marshal and politician, 1st President of Brazil (b. 1827)
1867
Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet and author (b. 1796)
1853
Alexander Calder, American lawyer and politician (b. 1806)
1831
Ferenc Kazinczy, Hungarian author and poet (b. 1759)
1831
August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1760)
1819
Oliver Hazard Perry, American commander (b. 1785)
1813
Alexander Wilson (ornithologist), Scottish-American poet, ornithologist, and illustrator (b. 1766)
1806
Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist and engineer (b. 1736)
1723
Increase Mather, American minister and author (b. 1639)
1706
Edward Nott, English politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1654)
1652
John Byron, 1st Baron Byron, English soldier and politician (b. 1600)
1628
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire (b. 1592)
1618
Gerbrand Adriaenszoon Bredero, Dutch poet and playwright (b. 1585)
1591
Luis de León, Spanish poet and academic (b. 1527)
1574
Ebussuud Efendi, Turkish lawyer and jurist (b. 1490)
1568
Thomas Wharton, 1st Baron Wharton (b. 1495)
1540
Guillaume Budé, French philosopher and scholar (b. 1467)
1519
Philibert Berthelier, Swiss soldier (b. 1465)
1507
Jean Molinet, French poet and composer (b. 1435)
1498
Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal, eldest daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1470)
1481
Thomas de Littleton, English judge and legal author (b. c. 1407)
1478
Johannes Pullois, Franco-Flemish composer (b. c. 1420?)
1387
Olaf II of Denmark (b. 1370)
1367
Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz, Spanish cardinal (b. 1310)
1363
Chen Youliang, founder of the Dahan regime (b. 1320)
1348
John de Stratford, Archbishop of Canterbury
1335
Heilwige Bloemardinne, Christian mystic (b. c. 1265)
1329
Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)
1328
Nicolaas Zannekin, Flemish peasant leader (in the battle of Cassel)
1305
William Wallace, Scottish rebel commander (b. 1272)
1176
Emperor Rokujō of Japan (b. 1164)
1106
Magnus, Duke of Saxony (b. 1045)
992
Volkold, bishop of Meissen
818
Ali al-Ridha, Iranian 8th of the Twelve Imams (b. 765)
634
Abu Bakr, Arabian caliph (b. 573)
406
Radagaisus, Gothic king
AD 93
Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and politician (b. AD 40)
30 BC
Caesarion, Egyptian king (b. 47 BC)
30 BC
Marcus Antonius Antyllus, Roman soldier (b. 47 BC)

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