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On This Day in History:  October 18

October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 74 days remain until the end of the year.

Lottery News On This Day

2019
The local TV star who rigged the lottery. In 1980, a church leader and trusted newsman exploited flaws in the Pennsylvania state lottery — and nearly got away with it.
2018
Lottery sales at retailers 'almost pandemonium'. Are you dreaming about hitting it big with the lottery? You're not alone. Lottery retailers are seeing a torrent of sales with $1.4 billion in lottery jackpot winnings up for grabs.
2018
$970 MILLION: Mega Millions ticket-buying frenzy forces new jackpot estimate. Across the United States, lottery tickets are being sold at a frantic pace that the state lotteries are struggling to keep up with.
2018
Powerball lottery jackpot jumps on huge sales. This week has seen a frenzy of lottery tickets sales across the United States, with both Mega Millions and Powerball simultaneously reaching massive levels. With the Powerball jackpot increasing to $430 million after the Wednesday evening drawing, there is now close to $1.33 billion in combined jackpots on tap for lottery players this week.
2016
Charges dismissed against mother in lottery ticket scheme. Charges have been dismissed against one of three people charged with fraudulently claiming a lottery ticket prize.
2016
Georgia Lottery looking for $7.5M Mega Millions winner. Georgia Lottery officials are trying to solve the case of the missing winner of half of a $15 million jackpot won in the state.
2013
Tickets for updated Mega Millions game on sale Saturday. Starting Saturday, October 19, lottery players from around the United States will be able to buy tickets for the newly-refreshed Mega Millions game, with a ticket price that is remaining just $1 per play.
2013
Georgia Lottery schedules Cash 4 bonus drawing. As a result of a drawing machine malfunction Wednesday, the Georgia Lottery will hold a bonus Cash 4 drawing, giving players an extra chance to win.
2012
Massachusetts man wins half of $61M Mega Millions jackpot. A Massachusetts man is $30.5 million richer after splitting Tuesday night's $61 million Mega Millions jackpot with a co-winner from California.
2012
California man wins half of $61M Mega Millions jackpot. A California man is $30.5 million richer after splitting Tuesday night's $61 million Mega Millions jackpot with a co-winner from Massachusetts.
2011
LOTTERY POST ANNOUNCES LOTTERY PRIZE PAYOUT RESULTS. Lottery Post, the world's largest community of lottery players and home of the Internet's most popular lottery results service, announced today the launch of its latest industry-leading innovation: current and past lottery prize payout results for all of the hundreds of lottery games shown at the Lottery Post Web site, on both computers and smartphones, such as iPhone and Android.
2010
Israel Lottery draws same numbers twice in month. The odds may have been in the trillions-to-one range, but lightning has indeed struck twice for some lucky lottery players in Israel.
2010
Calif. lottery winners try to remain as anonymous as possible. A man and wife from Thousand Oaks, California, are overnight millionaires after the SuperLotto Plus ticket they purchased last week matched all six numbers in Saturday's draw.
2006
N.C. Lottery conviction sends message about disclosure. Changes in North Carolina ethics laws will make it harder for appointed members of boards and commissions to hide potential conflicts of interests, and the new law stiffens penalties when disclosures are incomplete.
2006
Michigan Lottery fetches prize with 'Lucky Dog' game. Michigan's "Lucky Dog" scratch-off ticket was named the best new instant game of the year by the North American Association of State and Provincial Lotteries, which includes 52 lotteries in the United States, Canada and Mexico.
2006
Allen, N.C. lottery champion, dies. State Rep. Bernard Allen, who co-sponsored legislation to create North Carolina's lottery and then pushed for a committee to make sure the proceeds were wisely spent, died late Friday, a House aide said Saturday.
2006
N.C. Powerball lottery winner had to disconnect phone. North Carolina resident Willie Scott is enjoying life after his $800,000 Powerball win, but never knew he had so many cousins.
2005
N.C. Lottery hunts for online identity. Internet-savvy speculators have bought all the logical Web addresses for North Carolina's lottery, leaving the state in a bind as it looks for a smooth, easy way to get out information on the games.
2005
Powerball lottery madness spreads to big media. Now that the multi-state Powerball jackpot is sitting at its highest level ever, everyone is taking notice, creating a barrage of big-media news stories. Unfortunately for the public, the big media is making some mistakes.
2005
Lottery fight brewing in Massachusetts. A Blackstone, Massacusetts, man who hit a $1 million scratch-ticket jackpot accidentally threw away his fortune, and now he wants to wrestle the winning ticket back from a man who picked it out of the trash.
2004
Mega Millions jackpot increases to $32 million. The jackpot in the multi-state Mega Millions lottery grew to $32 million Saturday.
2004
Results of some Wisconsin lottery games delayed. Results of three evening drawings of Wisconsin Lottery games were delayed Saturday night.
2004
Georgia Lottery sales take a dip during quarter. The Georgia Lottery, which posted record-breaking sales last year, ended the first quarter of the new budget year with a sales decline of $5 million compared with the same quarter a year ago.
2004
Kentucky man wins $300,000 lottery prize. A Hopkinsville, Kentucky man was celebrating his good luck after he purchased a $300,000 Kentucky lottery scratch-off ticket.
2004
Lottery e-mail irks Michigan lawmakers. An e-mail from the Michigan Lottery commissioner referencing a future game targeted at young adults with personal computers sparked a controversy this week with some state legislators concerned the state was getting into the Internet gambling business.
2004
Tennessee Lottery transfers $51 million for scholarships. The Tennessee Lottery transferred $51.3 million Friday to fund college scholarships, bringing the total amount generated for education to more than $174 million, officials said.
2004
Powerball ticket sold in Iowa worth $14.4 million. Employees of a western Iowa convenience store were waiting excitedly Sunday to find out which of their customers won the $14.4 million Powerball jackpot.
2004
N.D. Lottery commission family members allowed to buy tickets. After deliberating since May, the North Dakota lottery's administrator is allowing close family members of a lottery advisory board to buy tickets themselves.
2003
Super 6 jackpot hit for first time in 11 months. One player matched all six winning numbers drawn in Friday's "Pennsylvania Super 6 Jackpot," the first time in 11 months that the jackpot has been hit.
2003
'Enough,' Bredesen warns lottery chief. Gov. Phil Bredesen says he wants Tennessee lottery chief Rebecca Paul to stop stacking her staff with former employees from the Georgia lottery and paying out top-dollar salaries.
2003
Tenn. lottery chief keeping mum about several key questions. Tennessee lottery CEO Rebecca Paul is keeping quiet on several significant lottery issues, including why she wants to contract with a single vendor for lottery goods and supplies instead of splitting up the business among several vendors.

Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day

1.$1 Billion
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 19, 2018
2.$476.7 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 20, 2018
3.$340 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 19, 2005
4.€180 Million
US$229.66 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Oct 21, 2014
5.$200 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 21, 2014
6.$186 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 19, 2013
7.€158.66 Million
US$174.43 Million
Draw Date
Oct 18, 2016
8.$156 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 18, 2017
9.$140 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 18, 2003
10.$136 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 19, 2016
11.€100.76 Million
US$130.16 Million
Draw Date
Oct 23, 2008
12.$124 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 19, 2011
13.€95 Million
US$119.37 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Oct 20, 2006
14.$110 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 19, 2019
15.$100 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 18, 2014
16.$93 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 20, 2015
17.$91 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 21, 2020
18.$90 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 21, 2015
18.$90 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 18, 2005
20.€67 Million
US$87.35 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Oct 19, 2012
21.$86 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 19, 2010
21.$86 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Oct 20, 2020
23.€74 Million
US$85.04 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Oct 19, 2018
24.€59 Million
US$84.38 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Oct 23, 2009
25.$80 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Oct 20, 2012

Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day

1985
Friday, Oct 18, 1985
35 years old
1971
Monday, Oct 18, 1971
49 years old
1969
Saturday, Oct 18, 1969
51 years old
1957
Friday, Oct 18, 1957
63 years old
1952
Saturday, Oct 18, 1952
68 years old
1949
Tuesday, Oct 18, 1949
71 years old
1939
Wednesday, Oct 18, 1939
81 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)

Worldwide Events On This Day

2007
A suicide attack on a motorcade carrying former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto kills 139 and wounds 450 more. Bhutto herself was uninjured.
2003
President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada is forced into exile by the Bolivian gas conflict.
1991
The Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts a declaration of independence from the Soviet Union.
1979
The Federal Communications Commission begins allowing people to have home satellite earth stations without a federal government license.
1977
German Autumn: A set of events revolving around the kidnapping of Hanns Martin Schleyer and the hijacking of a Lufthansa flight by the Red Army Faction comes to an end when Schleyer is murdered and various RAF members allegedly commit suicide.
1967
The Soviet probe Venera 4 reaches Venus, and becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet.
1963
Félicette, a black and white female Parisian stray cat becomes the first cat launched into space.
1954
Texas Instruments announces the first transistor radio.
1951
The Studio for Electronic Music was established at the West German Broadcasting facility in Cologne, making the first modern music studio.
1945
The Soviet nuclear program receives plans for the American Nagasaki bomb from atomic spies.
1945
A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces stages a coup d'état against President Angarita, who is overthrown by the end of the day.
1945
Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marries actress Eva Duarte.
1944
World War II: The state funeral of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel takes place in Ulm, Germany.
1940
World War II: Italian submarine Durbo is scuttled by her crew near the island of Alboran after attack by destroyers HMS Firedrake and HMS Wrestler.
1929
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overrules the Supreme Court of Canada in Edwards v. Canada when it declares that women are considered "Persons" under Canadian law.
1922
The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) is founded by a consortium, to establish a national broadcasting service.
1921
The Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic is formed as part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
1914
The Catholic Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany.
1898
Spanish-American War: The Puerto Rican Campaign ends when the last Spanish troops, officials and loyalists withdraw from the island.
1867
The United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million.
1860
The Second Opium War ends at the Convention of Peking.
1851
Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale.
1797
The Treaty of Campo Formio between France and Austria, among other provisions, abolishes the Republic of Venice.
1779
American Revolutionary War: The Franco-American Siege of Savannah is lifted.
1775
American Revolutionary War: The Burning of Falmouth (now Portland, Maine).
1748
The signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
1599
Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, defeats the army of Andrew Báthory in the Battle of Șelimbăr, leading to the first recorded unification of the Romanian people.
1565
Ships belonging to the Matsura clan of Japan fail to capture a Portuguese trading carrack in the Battle of Fukuda Bay, the first recorded naval battle between Japan and the West.
1561
In Japan, the fourth Battle of Kawanakajima was fought between the forces of Uesugi Kenshin and Takeda Shingen, resulting in a draw.
1540
Spanish conquistadors destroy the fortified town of Mabila in present-day Alabama, killing Tuskaloosa.
1356
The Basel earthquake is the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps.
1244
The Khwarazmian Turks and Egypt defeat Damascus and the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem at the Battle of La Forbie.
1081
Byzantine-Norman wars: The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
1016
Cnut the Great completes his conquest of England in the Battle of Assandun.
1009
Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah demolishes the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.
629
Dagobert I is crowned King of the Franks.
614
The Edict of Paris defends the rights of the Frankish nobles and restricts Jewish employment.
320
Pappus of Alexandria observes a solar eclipse.

Births On This Day

1994
Pascal Wehrlein, German-Mauritian Formula One driver
1993
Ivan Cavaleiro, Portuguese professional footballer
1991
Tyler Posey, American actor and musician
1990
Bristol Palin, American public speaker and reality television personality
1990
Brittney Griner, American professional basketball player
1990
Drew Crawford, American basketball player
1989
Brad Miller (baseball), American professional baseball infielder
1989
Laci Green, American YouTube personality, video blogger, sex educator, and activist
1989
Riisa Naka, Japanese model and actress
1988
Tessa Schram, Dutch director and actress
1987
Zac Efron, American actor and singer
1987
Freja Beha Erichsen, Danish model
1986
Wilma Elles, German actress and fashion designer
1985
Yoenis Céspedes, Cuban baseball player
1985
Andrew Garcia, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1984
Robert Harting, German discus thrower
1984
Freida Pinto, Indian actress and model
1984
Esperanza Spalding, American singer-songwriter and bassist
1984
Lindsey Vonn, American skier
1984
Milo Yiannopoulos, British journalist and public speaker
1983
Dante, Brazilian footballer
1982
Thierry Amiel, French singer-songwriter
1982
Michael Dingsdag, Dutch footballer
1982
Mark Sampson, Welsh footballer and manager
1982
Simon Gotch, American wrestler
1981
Nathan Hauritz, Australian cricketer
1981
Tina Hergold, Slovenian tennis player
1981
Greg Warren, American football player
1980
Josh Gracin, American country music singer and former member of the United States Marine Corps
1980
Birsen Yavuz, Turkish sprinter and hurdler
1979
Damon Scott, British entertainer
1979
Jaroslav Drobný, Czech footballer
1979
Ne-Yo, American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor
1978
Kunal Kapoor, Indian actor
1978
Mike Tindall, English rugby player
1978
Kenji Wu, Taiwanese singer-songwriter and actor
1977
Flavia Colgan, Brazilian-American journalist
1977
Ryan Nelsen, New Zealand-American soccer player and coach
1977
David Vuillemin, French motorcycle racer
1975
Alex Cora, Puerto Rican-American baseball player, sportscaster and manager
1975
Josh Sawyer, American video game designer
1974
Robbie Savage, Welsh footballer and sportscaster
1974
Peter Svensson, Swedish guitarist and songwriter
1974
Zhou Xun, Chinese actress and singer
1974
Amish Tripathi, Indian author
1973
Stephen Allan, Australian golfer
1973
James Foley, American photographer and journalist (d. 2014)
1973
Michalis Kapsis, Greek footballer
1973
Rachel Nichols, American journalist and sportscaster
1973
Sarah Winckless, English rower
1972
Mark Morrison, West German-born British hip hop and R&B musician
1972
Mika Ninagawa, Japanese photographer and director
1972
Alex Tagliani, Canadian race car driver
1971
Nick O'Hern, Australian golfer
1970
Doug Mirabelli, American baseball player and coach
1970
Mike Starink, Dutch television host and actor
1969
Volker Neumüller, German talent manager
1969
Nelson Vivas, Argentinian footballer, coach, and manager
1968
Rhod Gilbert, Welsh comedian
1968
Stuart Law, Australian cricketer and coach
1968
Michael Stich, German tennis player and sportscaster
1967
Eric Stuart, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and voice actor
1966
Dave Price, American journalist and game show host
1966
Sam Sorbo, American actress, author, and talk radio host
1965
Curtis Stigers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1965
Zakir Naik, an Indian Islamic preacher; founder and president of the Islamic Research Foundation (IRF)
1964
Dan Lilker, American singer-songwriter and bass player
1964
Charles Stross, English journalist, author, and programmer
1963
Sigvart Dagsland, Norwegian singer, pianist and composer
1962
Min Ko Naing, Burmese activist
1962
Vincent Spano, American actor, director, and producer
1961
Wynton Marsalis, American trumpet player, composer, and educator
1961
Rick Moody, American author and composer
1961
Gladstone Small, Barbadian-English cricketer
1960
Erin Moran, American actress (d. 2017)
1960
Jean-Claude Van Damme, Belgian martial artist, actor, and producer, and screenwriter
1959
Kirby Chambliss, American pilot
1959
Mauricio Funes, Salvadoran politician, former President of El Salvador
1959
Milcho Manchevski, Macedonian-American director and screenwriter
1959
John Nord, American wrestler
1958
Thomas Hearns, American boxer
1958
Megumi Ishii, Japanese actress and politician
1958
Kjell Samuelsson, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
1957
Jon Lindstrom, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1957
Catherine Ringer, French singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
1957
Alexander Levintal, Russian economist and politician, Governor of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast
1956
Craig Bartlett, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor
1956
Martina Navratilova, Czech-American tennis player and coach
1956
Jim Talent, American lawyer and politician
1955
Jean-Pierre Hautier, Belgian journalist and television host (d. 2012)
1955
Vanessa Briscoe Hay, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
1955
Timmy Mallett, English radio and television host
1955
Stu Mead, American painter and illustrator
1955
David Twohy, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1955
Rita Verdonk, Dutch journalist and politician, former Dutch Minister of Justice
1955
Denis Watson, Zimbabwean golfer
1955
Mark Welland, English physicist and academic
1954
Nick Houghton, English general
1954
Arliss Howard, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1953
Vickie Winans, American gospel music singer-songwriter and music producer
1952
Roy Dias, Sri Lankan cricketer and coach
1952
Paul Geroski, American-English economist and academic (d. 2005)
1952
Chuck Lorre, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1952
Patrick Morrow, Canadian mountaineer and photographer
1952
Bảo Ninh, Vietnamese soldier and author
1952
Allen Ripley, American baseball player (d. 2014)
1952
Jerry Royster, American baseball player, coach, and manager
1951
Mike Antonovich, American ice hockey player and coach
1951
Pam Dawber, American actress and producer
1951
Terry McMillan, American author and screenwriter
1951
David Normington, English civil servant and politician
1951
Nic Potter, English bass player and songwriter (d. 2013)
1950
Om Puri, Indian actor (d. 2017)
1950
Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright and author (d. 2006)
1949
Joe Egan, Scottish singer-songwriter
1949
George Hendrick, American baseball player and coach
1949
Gary Richrath, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 2015)
1948
Hans Köchler, Austrian philosopher, author, and academic
1948
Ntozake Shange, American author, poet, and playwright (d. 2018)
1947
Paul Chuckle, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter
1947
Job Cohen, Dutch scholar and politician, Mayor of Amsterdam
1947
Laura Nyro, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1997)
1947
Gary Sullivan, Australian rugby league player
1947
Luc Jouret, Belgian religious cult leader in Switzerland (d. 1994)
1946
James Robert Baker, American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)
1946
Frank Beamer, American football player and coach
1946
Dafydd Elis-Thomas, Welsh academic and politician
1946
Howard Shore, Canadian composer, conductor, and producer
1945
Huell Howser, American television host and actor (d. 2013)
1945
Chris Shays, American politician
1943
Christine Charbonneau, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2014)
1943
Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish police officer and politician, Danish Minister for Ecclesiastical Affairs
1942
Gianfranco Ravasi, Italian cardinal and scholar
1941
Timothy Bell, Baron Bell, English businessman
1941
Martha Burk, American psychologist and author
1940
Cynthia Weil, American songwriter
1940
Talitha Getty, actress and model of Dutch extraction (d. 1971)
1939
Flavio Cotti, Swiss lawyer and politician, 82nd President of the Swiss Confederation
1939
Mike Ditka, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
1939
Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy (d. 1963)
1939
Jan Erik Vold, Norwegian poet, author, and translator
1938
Ronnie Bright, American R&B and doo-wop singer (d. 2015)
1938
Robert Dove, American lawyer and politician
1938
Dawn Wells, American model and actress, Miss Nevada 1959
1936
Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino, Cuban cardinal
1935
Peter Boyle, American actor (d. 2006)
1934
Inger Stevens, Swedish-American actress (d. 1970)
1933
Forrest Gregg, American football player and coach
1933
Irwin M. Jacobs, American electrical engineer, businessman, and entrepreneur
1933
Ludovico Scarfiotti, Italian race car driver (d. 1968)
1932
Vytautas Landsbergis, Lithuanian musicologist and politician
1931
Chris Albertson, Icelandic-American historian, journalist, and producer
1931
Roger Climpson, English-Australian journalist
1931
Ien Dales, Dutch civil servant and politician, Dutch Minister of the Interior (d. 1994)
1930
Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun, Scottish politician
1930
Esther Hautzig, Lithuanian-American author (d. 2009)
1930
Frank Carlucci, American politician (d. 2018)
1929
Violeta Chamorro, Nicaraguan publisher and politician, President of Nicaragua
1929
Hillard Elkins, American producer and manager (d. 2010)
1929
Kees Fens, Dutch author and critic (d. 2008)
1929
Frank Stanmore, Australian rugby league player (d. 2005)
1928
Keith Jackson, American sportscaster and actor (d. 2018)
1928
Maurice El Mediouni, Algerian pianist and composer
1928
Dick Taverne, English lawyer and politician
1927
Marv Rotblatt, American baseball player (d. 2013)
1927
George C. Scott, American actor and director (d. 1999)
1926
Chuck Berry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
1926
Klaus Kinski, German-American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1991)
1925
Ramiz Alia, Albanian politician, 1st President of Albania (d. 2011)
1925
N. D. Tiwari, Indian politician (d. 2018)
1924
Buddy MacMaster, Canadian singer-songwriter and fiddler (d. 2014)
1923
Jessie Mae Hemphill, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2008)
1921
Jerry Cooke, Ukrainian-American photographer and journalist (d. 2005)
1921
Jesse Helms, American soldier, journalist, and politician (d. 2008)
1921
Beatrice Helen Worsley, Mexican-Canadian computer scientist and academic (d. 1972)
1920
Melina Mercouri, Greek actress, singer, and politician, 9th Greek Minister of Culture (d. 1994)
1919
Ric Nordman, Canadian captain and politician (d. 1996)
1919
Anita O'Day, American singer (d. 2006)
1919
Pierre Trudeau, Canadian lawyer, academic, and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2000)
1919
Camilla Williams, American soprano and educator (d. 2012)
1918
Molly Geertsema, Dutch lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1991)
1918
Konstantinos Mitsotakis, Greek lawyer and politician, 178th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2017)
1918
Bobby Troup, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 1999)
1915
Victor Sen Yung, American actor (d. 1980)
1914
Raymond Lambert, Swiss mountaineer (d. 1997)
1909
Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and theorist (d. 2004)
1906
James Brooks, American painter and educator (d. 1992)
1905
Jan Gies, Dutch activist (d. 1993)
1905
Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Ivorian union leader and politician, 1st President of Côte d'Ivoire (d. 1993)
1904
A. J. Liebling, American journalist and author (d. 1963)
1904
Haim Shirman, Ukrainian-Israeli scholar and academic (d. 1981)
1903
Lina Radke, German runner and coach (d. 1983)
1902
Miriam Hopkins, American actress (d. 1972)
1902
Pascual Jordan, German physicist and theorist (d. 1980)
1900
Sarah Bavly, Dutch-Israeli nutritionist, author and educator (d. 1993)
1900
Evelyn Berckman, American author, known for her detective and Gothic horror novels (d. 1978)
1898
Lotte Lenya, Austrian singer and actress (d. 1981)
1897
Isabel Briggs Myers, American theorist and author (d. 1980)
1894
H. L. Davis, American author and poet (d. 1960)
1894
Tibor Déry, Hungarian author and translator (d. 1977)
1893
Sidney Holland, New Zealand lieutenant and politician, 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1961)
1893
George Ohsawa, Japanese philosopher and academic (d. 1966)
1888
Paul Vermoyal, French actor (d. 1925)
1887
Takashi Sakai, Japanese general and politician, Governor of Hong Kong (d. 1946)
1882
Lucien Petit-Breton, French cyclist (d. 1917)
1881
Max Gerson, German-born American physician (d. 1959)
1880
Ze'ev Jabotinsky, Ukrainian-Russian general, journalist, and theorist (d. 1940)
1878
James Truslow Adams, American historian and author (d. 1949)
1875
Len Braund, English cricketer, coach, and umpire (d. 1955)
1874
Christine Murrell, English medical doctor, first female member of the British Medical Association's Central Council (d. 1933)
1873
Ivanoe Bonomi, Italian lawyer and politician, 25th Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1951)
1872
Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian poet and author (d. 1936)
1870
D. T. Suzuki, Japanese author and scholar (d. 1966)
1868
Ernst Didring, Swedish author (d. 1931)
1865
Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist and author (d. 1957)
1865
Logan Pearsall Smith, American-English author and critic (d. 1946)
1862
Mehmet Esat Bülkat, Ottoman general (d. 1952)
1859
Henri Bergson, French philosopher and theologian, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
1854
Billy Murdoch, Australian cricketer (d. 1911)
1850
Basil Hall Chamberlain, English-Swiss historian, author, and academic (d. 1935)
1836
Frederick August Otto Schwarz, American businessman, founded FAO Schwarz (d. 1911)
1831
Frederick III, German emperor (d. 1888)
1822
Midhat Pasha, Ottoman civil servant and politician, 238th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1883)
1818
Francis Dutton, German-Australian politician, 7th Premier of South Australia (d. 1877)
1804
Mongkut, Thai king (d. 1868)
1792
Lucas Alamán, Mexican politician and historian (d. 1853)
1787
Robert L. Stevens, American inventor and steamship builder (d. 1856)
1785
Thomas Love Peacock, English author and poet (d. 1866)
1777
Heinrich von Kleist, German author and poet (d. 1811)
1741
Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
1706
Baldassare Galuppi, Italian harpsichord player and composer (d. 1785)
1701
Charles le Beau, French historian and author (d. 1778)
1668
John George IV, Elector of Saxony (d. 1694)
1663
Eugene of Savoy, Austrian prince and statesman (d. 1736)
1662
Matthew Henry, Welsh minister and scholar (d. 1714)
1653
Abraham van Riebeeck, South African-Dutch merchant and politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1713)
1634
Luca Giordano, Italian painter and illustrator (d. 1705)
1630
Henry Powle, English politician (d. 1692)
1616
Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist (d. 1654)
1596
Edward Winslow, American Pilgrim leader (d. 1655)
1587
Lady Mary Wroth, English poet (d. 1651)
1553
Luca Marenzio, Italian composer (d. 1599)
1547
Justus Lipsius, Belgian philologist and scholar (d. 1606)
1536
William Lambarde, English antiquarian and politician (d. 1601)
1523
Anna Jagiellon, daughter of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1596)
1517
Manuel da Nóbrega, Portuguese-Brazilian priest and missionary (d. 1570)
1482
Philipp III, count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (d. 1538)
1444
John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk, English nobleman (d. 1476)
1405
Pius II, pope of the Catholic Church (d. 1464)
1130
Zhu Xi, Chinese philosopher (d. 1200)
1127
Go-Shirakawa, Japanese emperor (d. 1192)

Deaths On This Day

2015
Robert Dickerson, Australian painter (b. 1924)
2015
Gamal El-Ghitani, Egyptian journalist and author (b. 1945)
2015
Robert W. Farquhar, American engineer (b. 1932)
2015
Frank Watkins, American bass player (b. 1968)
2015
Paul West, English-American author, poet, and academic (b. 1930)
2014
Mariano Lebrón Saviñón, Dominican author and academic (b. 1922)
2014
Edward Regan, American academic and politician (b. 1930)
2014
Sidney Shapiro, American-Chinese author and translator (b. 1915)
2013
Tom Foley, American lawyer and politician, 57th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1929)
2013
Bum Phillips, American football player and coach (b. 1923)
2013
Allan Stanley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1926)
2013
Bill Young, American sergeant and politician (b. 1930)
2012
Brain Damage, American wrestler (b. 1977)
2012
Sylvia Kristel, Dutch model and actress (b. 1952)
2012
Slater Martin, American basketball player and coach (b. 1925)
2012
George Mattos, American pole vaulter (b. 1929)
2012
Albert Lee Ueltschi, American pilot and businessman, founded FlightSafety International (b. 1917)
2012
David S. Ware, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1949)
2010
Marion Brown, American saxophonist and musicologist (b. 1931)
2009
Adriaan Kortlandt, Dutch ethologist and biologist (b. 1918)
2009
Nancy Spero, American painter and academic (b. 1926)
2008
Dee Dee Warwick, American singer (b. 1945)
2007
Alan Coren, English journalist and author (b. 1938)
2007
William J. Crowe, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1925)
2007
Vincent DeDomenico, American businessman, founded the Napa Valley Wine Train (b. 1915)
2007
Lucky Dube, South African singer-songwriter and keyboard player (b. 1964)
2006
Mario Francesco Pompedda, Italian cardinal (b. 1929)
2006
Anna Russell, English-Canadian singer and actress (b. 1911)
2006
Laurie Taitt, Guyanese-English hurdler (b. 1934)
2005
Johnny Haynes, English-Scottish footballer (b. 1934)
2005
Bill King, American sportscaster (b. 1927)
2003
Preston Smith, American businessman and politician, 40th Governor of Texas (b. 1912)
2003
Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, Spanish journalist, author, and critic (b. 1939)
2000
Julie London, American singer and actress (b. 1926)
2000
Gwen Verdon, American actress and dancer (b. 1925)
1988
Frederick Ashton, Ecuadorian dancer and choreographer (b. 1904)
1987
Adriaan Ditvoorst, Dutch director and screenwriter (b. 1940)
1984
Henri Michaux, French painter and poet (b. 1899)
1984
Jon-Erik Hexum, American actor (b. 1957).
1983
Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish economist and author (b. 1897)
1983
Willie Jones, American baseball player (b. 1925)
1982
Dwain Esper, American director and producer (b. 1892)
1982
Pierre Mendès France, French lawyer and politician, 143rd Prime Minister of France (b. 1907)
1982
John Robarts, Canadian lawyer and politician, 17th Premier of Ontario (b. 1917)
1982
Bess Truman, American wife of Harry S. Truman, 40th First Lady of the United States (b. 1885)
1980
Edwin Way Teale, American photographer and author (b. 1899)
1978
Ramón Mercader, Spanish journalist, assassin of Leon Trotsky (b. 1914)
1977
Andreas Baader, German militant (b. 1943)
1977
Gudrun Ensslin, German militant leader, founded the Red Army Faction (b. 1940)
1976
Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Indian poet and author (b. 1895)
1975
K. C. Douglas, American rural blues singer (b. 1913)
1975
Al Lettieri, American actor (b. 1928)
1975
Graham Haberfield, English actor (b. 1941)
1973
Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher, founded The Little Review (b. 1886)
1973
Walt Kelly, American illustrator and animator (b. 1913)
1973
Leo Strauss, German-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1899)
1966
Elizabeth Arden, Canadian-American businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc. (b. 1878)
1966
S. S. Kresge, American businessman, founded Kmart (b. 1867)
1965
Henry Travers, Irish-American actor (b. 1874)
1965
Lauri Törni, Finnish soldier, Veteran of the Winter War, the Continuation War, & the Vietnam War (b. 1919)
1962
Iván Petrovich, Serbian-German actor and singer (b. 1894)
1961
Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-American actress (b. 1892)
1959
Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian-French runner (b. 1898)
1956
Yoshio Markino, Japanese painter and author (b. 1869)
1948
Philip Collier, Australian politician, 14th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1873)
1948
Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (b. 1881)
1947
Michiaki Kamada, Japanese admiral (b. 1890)
1942
Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
1941
Manuel Teixeira Gomes, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 7th President of Portugal (b. 1860)
1935
Gaston Lachaise, French-American sculptor (b. 1882)
1934
Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish pathologist, histologist, and neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
1933
Christine Murrell, English medical doctor, first female member of the British Medical Association's Central Council (b. 1874)
1931
Thomas Edison, American engineer and businessman, invented the light bulb and phonograph (b. 1847)
1921
Ludwig III, king of Bavaria (b. 1845)
1911
Alfred Binet, French psychologist and author (b. 1857)
1908
Nozu Michitsura, Japanese field marshal (b. 1840)
1893
Charles Gounod, French composer and educator (b. 1818)
1892
William W. Chapman, American lawyer and politician (b. 1808)
1889
Antonio Meucci, Italian-American engineer (b. 1808)
1886
Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician and botanist (b. 1796)
1876
Francis Preston Blair, American journalist (b. 1791)
1871
Charles Babbage, English mathematician and engineer, invented the mechanical computer (b. 1791)
1865
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
1817
Etienne Nicolas Méhul, French pianist and composer (b. 1763)
1775
Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)
1770
John Manners, Marquess of Granby, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Derbyshire (b. 1721)
1744
Sarah Churchill, duchess of Marlborough (b. 1660)
1739
António José da Silva, Brazilian-Portuguese playwright (b. 1705)
1678
Jacob Jordaens, Belgian painter illustrator (b. 1593)
1667
Fasilides, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1603)
1646
Isaac Jogues, French priest, missionary, and martyr (b. 1607)
1604
Igram van Achelen, Dutch lawyer and politician (b. 1528)
1570
Manuel da Nóbrega, Portuguese-Brazilian priest and missionary (b. 1517)
1564
Johannes Acronius Frisius, Dutch physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
1561
Yamamoto Kansuke, Japanese samurai (b. 1501)
1558
Mary of Austria, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (b. 1505)
1545
John Taverner, English organist and composer (b. 1490)
1541
Margaret Tudor, queen of James IV of Scotland (born 1489)
1526
Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
1511
Philippe de Commines, Flemish diplomat and writer (b. 1447)
1508
Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell, Lord High Admiral of Scotland
1503
Pius III, pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1439)
1480
Uhwudong, Korean dancer and poet (b. 1440)
1442
John, Portuguese prince (b. 1400)
1417
Gregory XII, pope of the Catholic Church
1382
James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond, Irish politician, Lord Justice of Ireland (b. 1331)
1366
Petrus Torkilsson, archbishop of Uppsala
1214
John de Gray, bishop of Norwich
1141
Leopold, duke of Bavaria
1101
Hugh I, count of Vermandois (b. 1057)
1081
Nikephoros Palaiologos, Byzantine general
1035
Sancho III Garcés III, king of Pamplona
707
John VII, pope of the Catholic Church
325
Jin Mingdi, Chinese emperor of the Jin Dynasty (b. 299)
AD 31
Lucius Aelius Sejanus, Roman politician (b. 20 BC)

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