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On This Day in History:  March 31

March 31 is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 275 days remain until the end of the year.

Lottery News On This Day

2020
Oregon man wins $6.3 million from free lottery ticket. An Oregon man's $6.3 million lottery jackpot was made all the more lucky by the fact that his ticket was free — and he almost left it at the store.
2020
Lottery plant workers learn fellow employee tested positive for COVID-19. A supply worker at Scientific Games in Alpharetta, Georgia, where scratch-off lottery tickets are made has tested positive for COVID-19, according to a company statement issued Monday.
2020
U.S. gaming industry hanging hopes on stimulus package. Hit hard by the coronavirus pandemic, the American gaming industry, including the expanding legal sports betting market, is optimistic the federal relief bill signed into law Friday by President Donald Trump will help its recovery.
2018
One lottery ticket sold in New Jersey wins $521 million Mega Millions jackpot. It appears someone in the Garden State will be having a very happy Easter or Passover, as Friday night's Mega Millions drawing produced a single jackpot-winning ticket sold in New Jersey.
2017
Best friend to testify against Tipton at July lottery rigging trial. It took Texas businessman Robert Rhodes more than a year to turn against his "good old boy" best friend after he realized that Eddie Tipton would not do a deal and tell prosecutors about how he had created an elaborate system to rig lotteries in five states.
2016
Parking garage attendant wins lottery, immediately quits job. A New York City parking garage attendant hit the lottery jackpot, promptly quit his job, and now plans to hire his very own chauffeur.
2014
Lucky Va. couple claims three major lottery prizes in one month. A Virginia couple who has won the lottery three times in the last month want to see how long their run of luck will last.
2013
$338M NJ Powerball winner pledges to pay rent for his entire block. A close friend of the newly minted megamillionaire Pedro Quezada said that Quezada promised to temporarily cover the housing costs for residents in the Passaic, N.J., neighborhood that housed his bodega.
2012
World's biggest lottery jackpot won by three tickets. The largest lottery jackpot the world has ever seen has been won Friday night by three tickets sold in Illinois, Kansas, and Maryland.
2011
Texas Lottery kicks off Green Ball promo Monday. The Texas Lottery Monday is bringing back the Pick 3 Green Ball promotion, which gives Pick 3 players a chance to increase their prizes by approximately 20 percent.
2011
$319M lottery winners revealed. The "Albany Seven" made their first public appearance at a news conference this morning holding oversized posters of their winning lottery ticket worth $319 million.
2011
Lottery's biggest loser: Albany man passed on office pool that won $319M jackpot. The group of seven lottery pool players that won last week's $319 million Mega Millions jackpot could have had an eighth member, but one unlucky man made a choice that cost him millions.
2010
Mass. Lottery launches Red Sox scratch ticket. The Boston Red Sox are swinging for the Green Monster with the launch of another Massachusetts State Lottery instant ticket.
2009
Florida Lottery chief comes under hostile fire in House committee. The Florida Lottery's top executive got a dressing-down today from House Republicans for failing to bid out a lucrative contract produce its TV ads, despite a state law requiring the department to start doing so last summer.
2009
Million-dollar winner remains frugal after windfall. A lucky, level-headed lady from Tennessee won a cool million with a scratch-off lottery ticket, but held on to her frugal ways.
2009
Arizona Lottery's Cash 4 game starts today. The Arizona Lottery's newest game has its first drawing this evening.
2008
N.C. Lottery conducts first Pick 3 Midday drawing. The North Carolina Education Lottery on Monday launched its second daily "Carolina Pick 3" game with its regularly-scheduled drawing at 3:00 p.m.
2008
Powerball 10x promotion starts Wednesday. Starting Wednesday, April 2, 2008, all Powerball states will be offering Powerball players the chance to multiply non-jackpot prizes by 10.
2005
N.C. Lottery Foes Gather Strength. A group of high-profile lottery opponents vowed Wednesday to fight efforts to bring scratch-off tickets and numbers games to North Carolina.
2004
Mega Millions Winners to Claim $239 Million Jackpot Thursday. The winners of a record $239 million Mega Millions jackpot have come forward more than a month after the winning ticket was sold, the Virginia Lottery said Wednesday.
2004
Mega Millions jackpot still growing: $75 million. The jackpot in the multi-state Mega Millions lottery grew to $75 million Wednesday.
2004
200 stolen tickets produce $11 in prizes and an arrest. Carlisha Johnson is accused of swiping 216 lottery tickets from a Louisiana store where she worked and scratching them off in full view of a surveillance camera.
2004
North Carolina man wins $100,000 in Virginia lottery. A 55-year-old retired tobacco plant worker from Reidsville, North Carolina won $100,000 Friday in the Virginia "Cash 5" Lottery.
2004
Wife's Birthday Dinner Ends with £4.3M Lottery Joy. A man who took his wife out for a birthday meal returned home to find he had won £4.3 million on the lottery.
2004
TennCare reminds enrollees that Tennessee lottery prizes are income. TennCare enrollees who hit the jackpot playing the Tennessee Lottery must report prizes of $600 or more.

Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day

1.$187 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2011
2.$174 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 31, 2017
3.$170 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 1, 2020
4.$160 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 2, 1999
5.$152 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 1, 2006
6.€122.14 Million
US$150.52 Million
Draw Date
Mar 31, 2018
7.€129.21 Million
US$144.75 Million
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2019
8.$135 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2016
8.$135 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 1, 2008
10.$117 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 31, 2006
11.$113 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 31, 2020
12.$109 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 1, 2009
13.€90 Million
US$99.23 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Apr 3, 2020
14.CA$125 Million
US$95.65 Million
Multi-Province
Canada Super 7
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2004
15.$92 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2002
16.€75 Million
US$90.57 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 31, 2006
17.$88 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 3, 2007
17.$88 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2019
19.€67 Million
US$82.32 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Apr 3, 2018
20.$81 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 31, 2010
21.€73 Million
US$78.49 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 31, 2015
22.€57.28 Million
US$78.49 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Apr 4, 2014
23.$77 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 4, 1997
24.$75 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2004
24.$75 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 1, 2005

Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day

1988
Thursday, Mar 31, 1988
32 years old
1985
Sunday, Mar 31, 1985
35 years old
1985
Sunday, Mar 31, 1985
35 years old
1982
Wednesday, Mar 31, 1982
38 years old
1980
Monday, Mar 31, 1980
40 years old
1978
Friday, Mar 31, 1978
42 years old
1964
Tuesday, Mar 31, 1964
56 years old
1944
Friday, Mar 31, 1944
76 years old
1933
Friday, Mar 31, 1933
87 years old
1933
Friday, Mar 31, 1933
87 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)
(year not provided)

Worldwide Events On This Day

2004
Iraq War in Anbar Province: In Fallujah, Iraq, four American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed after being ambushed.
1998
Netscape releases Mozilla source code under an open source license.
1995
TAROM Flight 371, an Airbus A310-300, crashes near Balotesti, Romania, killing all 60 people on board.
1995
Selena is murdered by her fan club's president Yolanda Saldívar at a Days Inn in Corpus Christi, Texas after accusations of Saldívar embezzling money from Selena's fan club.
1992
The USS Missouri, the last active United States Navybattleship, is decommissioned in Long Beach, California.
1992
The Treaty of Federation is signed in Moscow.
1991
Georgian independence referendum, 1991: Nearly 99 percent of the voters support the country's independence from the Soviet Union.
1990
Approximately 200,000 protesters take to the streets of London to protest against the newly introduced Poll Tax.
1985
The first WrestleMania, the biggest wrestling event from the WWE (then the WWF), takes place in Madison Square Garden in New York City.
1980
The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad operates its final train after being ordered to liquidate its assets because of bankruptcy and debts owed to creditors.
1970
Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit.
1968
American PresidentLyndon B. Johnson speaks to the nation of "Steps to Limit the War in Vietnam" in a television address. At the conclusion of his speech, he announces: "I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your President."
1966
The Soviet Union launches Luna 10 which later becomes the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.
1964
Brazilian General Olímpio Mourão Filho orders his troops to move towards Rio de Janeiro, beginning the coup d'état.
1959
The 14th Dalai Lama, crosses the border into India and is granted political asylum.
1958
In the Canadian federal election, the Progressive Conservatives, led by John Diefenbaker, win the largest percentage of seats in Canadian history, with 208 seats of 265.
1957
Elections to the Territorial Assembly of the French colony Upper Volta are held. After the elections PDU and MDV form a government.
1951
Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
1949
The Dominion of Newfoundland joins the Canadian Confederation and becomes the 10th Province of Canada.
1945
World War II: A defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1, the world's first operational jet-poweredfighter aircraft, to the Americans, the first to fall into Allied hands.
1942
World War II: Japanese forces invade Christmas Island, then a British possession.
1933
The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment in the United States.
1931
An earthquake in Nicaragua destroys Managua; killing 2,000.
1931
A Transcontinental & Western Air airliner crashes near Bazaar, Kansas, killing eight, including University of Notre Dame head football coach Knute Rockne.
1930
The Motion Picture Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film, in the U.S., for the next thirty-eight years.
1921
The Royal Australian Air Force is formed.
1918
Massacre of ethnic Azerbaijanis is committed by allied armed groups of Armenian Revolutionary Federation and Bolsheviks. Nearly 12,000 Azerbaijani Muslims are killed.
1918
Daylight saving time goes into effect in the United States for the first time.
1917
The United States takes possession of the Danish West Indies after paying $25 million to Denmark, and renames the territory the United States Virgin Islands.
1913
The Vienna Concert Society rioted during a performance of modernist music by Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Alexander von Zemlinsky, and Anton von Webern, causing a premature end to the concert due to violence; this concert became known as the Skandalkonzert.
1909
Serbia accepts Austrian control over Bosnia and Herzegovina.
1906
The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (later the National Collegiate Athletic Association) is established to set rules for college sports in the United States.
1899
Malolos, capital of the First Philippine Republic, is captured by American forces.
1889
The Eiffel Tower is officially opened.
1885
The United Kingdom establishes the Bechuanaland Protectorate.
1854
CommodoreMatthew Perry signs the Convention of Kanagawa with the Tokugawa Shogunate, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade.
1822
The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following an attempted rebellion, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.
1774
American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed pursuant to the Boston Port Act.
1717
A sermon on "The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ" by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, preached in the presence of King George I of Great Britain, provokes the Bangorian Controversy.
1561
The city of San Cristóbal, Táchira is founded.
1492
Queen Isabella of Castile issues the Alhambra Decree, ordering her 150,000 Jewish and Muslim subjects to convert to Christianity or face expulsion.
1146
Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.
307
After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, daughter of the retired Roman EmperorMaximian.

Births On This Day

1998
Jakob Chychrun, American-born Canadian ice hockey player
1994
Tyler Wright, Australian surfer
1993
Mikael Ishak, Swedish footballer
1992
Stijn de Looijer, Dutch footballer
1992
Beatričė Rožinskaitė, Lithuanian figure skater
1992
Adam Zampa, Australian cricketer
1991
Milan Milanović, Serbian footballer
1991
Rodney Sneijder, Dutch footballer
1990
George Iloka, American football player
1990
Sandra Roma, Swedish tennis player
1990
Bang Yong-guk, South Korean rapper
1989
Alberto Martín Romo García Adámez, Spanish footballer
1989
Nejc Vidmar, Slovenian footballer
1989
Liu Zige, Chinese swimmer
1988
Thomas De Corte, Belgian footballer
1988
Conrad Sewell, Australian singer and songwriter
1988
Dorin Dickerson, American football player
1988
DeAndre Liggins, American basketball player
1988
Louis van der Westhuizen, Namibian cricketer
1987
Nordin Amrabat, Dutch footballer
1987
Hugo Ayala, Mexican footballer
1987
Amaury Bischoff, Portuguese footballer
1987
Humpy Koneru, Indian chess player
1987
Kirill Starkov, Danish ice hockey player
1987
Nelli Zhiganshina, Russian figure skater
1986
Andreas Dober, Austrian footballer
1986
James King, Scottish rugby player
1986
Paulo Machado, Portuguese footballer
1985
Steve Bernier, Canadian ice hockey player
1985
Jo-Lonn Dunbar, American football player
1985
Jesper Hansen, Danish footballer
1985
Ivan Mishyn, Ukrainian race car driver
1985
Kory Sheets, American football player
1985
Jalmar Sjöberg, Swedish wrestler
1984
David Clarkson, Canadian ice hockey player
1984
James Jones, American football player
1984
Martins Dukurs, Latvian sled racer
1984
Kaie Kand, Estonian heptathlete
1984
Alberto Junior Rodríguez, Peruvian footballer
1984
Ed Williamson, English rugby player
1983
Hashim Amla, South African cricketer
1983
Ashleigh Ball, Canadian voice actress and musician
1983
Sophie Hunger, Swiss-German musician
1983
Vlasios Maras, Greek gymnast
1983
Nigel Plum, Australian rugby league player
1982
Tal Ben Haim, Israeli footballer
1982
Bam Childress, American football player
1982
Audrey Kawasaki, American painter
1981
Ryan Bingham, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1981
Thomas Chatelle, Belgian footballer
1981
Han Tae-you, South Korean footballer
1981
Pa Dembo Touray, Gambian footballer
1981
Maarten van der Weijden, Dutch swimmer
1980
Martin Albrechtsen, Danish footballer
1980
Karolina Lassbo, Swedish lawyer and blogger
1980
Matias Concha, Swedish footballer
1980
Kate Micucci, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
1980
Michael Ryder, Canadian ice hockey player
1979
Omri Afek, Israeli footballer
1979
Euan Burton, Scottish martial artist and coach
1979
Alexis Ferrero, Argentinian footballer
1979
Charlie Manning, American baseball player
1979
Jonna Mendes, American skier
1979
Rhys Wesser, Australian rugby league player
1978
Michael Clark, Australian cricketer and footballer
1978
Stephen Clemence, English footballer and coach
1978
Jarrod Cooper, American football player
1978
Jérôme Rothen, French footballer
1977
Toshiya, Japanese bass player, songwriter, and producer
1977
Garth Tander, Australian race car driver
1976
Howard Frier, American basketball player
1976
Igors Sļesarčuks, Latvian-Russian footballer
1976
Graeme Smith, Scottish swimmer
1975
Adam Green, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1975
Nathan Grey, Australian rugby player and coach
1975
Cameron Murray, Scottish rugby player
1975
Ryan Rupe, American baseball player
1974
Benjamin Eicher, German director, producer, and screenwriter
1974
Natali, Russian singer, composer and songwriter
1974
Stefan Olsdal, Swedish bass player
1974
Jani Sievinen, Finnish swimmer
1973
Christopher Hampson, English ballet dancer and choreographer
1972
Alejandro Amenábar, Chilean-Spanish director and screenwriter
1972
Andrew Bowen, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1972
Luca Gentili, Italian footballer and coach
1972
Evan Williams, American businessman, co-founded Twitter and Pyra Labs
1971
Demetris Assiotis, Cypriot footballer
1971
Martin Atkinson, English footballer and referee
1971
Pavel Bure, Russian ice hockey player
1971
Craig McCracken, American animator, producer, and screenwriter
1971
Ewan McGregor, Scottish actor
1970
Alenka Bratušek, Slovenian politician, 7th Prime Minister of Slovenia
1970
Samantha Brown, American television host
1969
Nyamko Sabuni, Burundian-Swedish politician
1969
Steve Smith, American basketball player and sportscaster
1968
César Sampaio, Brazilian footballer
1966
Roger Black, English runner and journalist
1966
Nick Firestone, American race car driver
1965
Tom Barrasso, American ice hockey player and coach
1965
Patty Fendick, American tennis player and coach
1965
Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (d. 2006)
1965
William McNamara, American actor and producer
1965
Steven T. Seagle, American author and screenwriter
1964
Mark Hoban, English accountant and politician
1963
Paul Mercurio, Australian actor and dancer
1962
Olli Rehn, Finnish footballer and politician
1961
Ron Brown, American sprinter and football player
1961
Howard Gordon, American screenwriter and producer
1959
Markus Hediger, Swiss poet and translator
1957
Alan Duncan, English businessman and politician, former Shadow Leader of the House of Commons
1955
Svetozar Marović, President of Serbia and Montenegro
1955
Angus Young, Scottish-Australian guitarist and songwriter
1953
Dennis Kamakahi, American guitarist and composer (d. 2014)
1950
András Adorján, Hungarian chess player and author
1950
Ed Marinaro, American football player and actor
1950
Sandra Morgen, American anthropologist and academic (d. 2016)
1949
Gilles Gilbert, Canadian ice hockey player
1948
Gary Doer, Canadian politician and diplomat, 20th Premier of Manitoba
1948
Al Gore, American soldier and politician, 45th Vice President of the United States and Nobel Prize laureate
1948
Rhea Perlman, American actress
1948
Gustaaf Van Cauter, Belgian cyclist
1947
Augustin Banyaga, Rwandan-American mathematician and academic
1947
Wendy Overton, American tennis player
1947
Kristian Blak, Danish-Faroese pianist, composer, and producer
1947
Don Foster, English academic and politician
1947
César Gaviria, Colombian economist and politician, 36th President of Colombia
1947
Eliyahu M. Goldratt, Israeli physicist and economist (d. 2011)
1946
Gonzalo Márquez, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1984)
1946
Bob Russell, English politician
1945
Edwin Catmull, American computer scientist and engineer
1945
Gabe Kaplan, American actor and comedian
1945
Myfanwy Talog, Welsh actress (d. 1995)
1944
Pascal Danel, French singer-songwriter
1944
Angus King, American politician
1944
Mick Ralphs, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1943
Roy Andersson, Swedish director and screenwriter
1943
Deirdre Clancy, English costume designer
1943
Christopher Walken, American actor
1942
Ulla Hoffmann, Swedish politician
1942
Hugh McCracken, American guitarist and producer (d. 2013)
1942
Michael Savage, American radio host and author
1941
Franco Bonvicini, Italian author and illustrator (d. 1995)
1941
Faith Leech, Australian swimmer (d. 2013)
1940
Brian Ackland-Snow, English production designer and art director (d. 2013)
1940
Barney Frank, American lawyer and politician
1940
Patrick Leahy, American lawyer and politician
1939
Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Georgian anthropologist and politician, 1st President of Georgia (d. 1993)
1939
Israel Horovitz, American actor, director, and screenwriter
1939
Walker David Miller, American lawyer and judge (d. 2013)
1939
Volker Schlöndorff, German director and producer
1939
Karl-Heinz Schnellinger, German footballer
1938
Patrick Bateson, English biologist and academic (d. 2017)
1938
Sheila Dikshit, Indian politician, 22nd Governor of Kerala
1938
Antje Gleichfeld, German runner
1938
Bill Hicke, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager (d. 2005)
1938
Tõnno Lepmets, Estonian basketball player (d. 2005)
1938
Arthur B. Rubinstein, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2018)
1938
David Steel, Scottish academic and politician
1936
Marge Piercy, American poet and novelist
1936
Walter E. Williams, American economist and academic
1935
Herb Alpert, American singer-songwriter, trumpet player, and producer
1935
Judith Rossner, Jewish-American author (d. 2005)
1934
Richard Chamberlain, American actor
1934
Shirley Jones, American actress and singer
1934
John D. Loudermilk, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
1934
Carlo Rubbia, Italian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1934
Kamala Surayya, Indian poet and author (d. 2009)
1933
Anita Carter, American singer-songwriter and bassist (d. 1999)
1933
Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet (d. 1983)
1932
John Jakes, American author
1932
Nagisa Oshima, Japanese director and screenwriter (d. 2013)
1931
Miller Barber, American golfer (d. 2013)
1931
Tamara Tyshkevich, Belarusian shot putter (d. 1997)
1930
Yehuda Nir, Polish Jewish-American psychiatrist (d. 2014)
1930
Jim Mutscheller, American football player and coach (d. 2015)
1929
Liz Claiborne, Belgian-American fashion designer, founded Liz Claiborne Inc. (d. 2007)
1929
Bert Fields, American lawyer and author
1928
Lefty Frizzell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1975)
1928
Gordie Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2016)
1927
Cesar Chavez, American labor union leader and activist (d. 1993)
1927
William Daniels, American actor
1927
Eduardo Martínez Somalo, Spanish cardinal
1927
Vladimir Ilyushin, Russian pilot (d. 2010)
1927
Elmer Diedtrich, American businessman and politician (d. 2013)
1927
Bud MacPherson, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1988)
1926
John Fowles, English novelist (d. 2005)
1926
Beni Montresor, Italian director, set designer, author, and illustrator (d. 2001)
1926
Rocco Petrone, American colonel and engineer (d. 2006)
1925
Jean Coutu, Canadian actor and director (d. 1999)
1924
Leo Buscaglia, American author and academic (d. 1998)
1924
Charles Guggenheim, American director and producer (d. 2002)
1923
François Sermon, Belgian footballer (d. 2013)
1922
Richard Kiley, American actor and singer (d. 1999)
1922
Patrick Magee, Irish actor (d. 1982)
1921
Lowell Fulson, African-American blues singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1999)
1921
Peggy Rea, American actress and casting director (d. 2011)
1920
Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, British aristocrat, socialite and author (d. 2014)
1919
Frank Akins, American football player (d. 1993)
1918
Ted Post, American director (d. 2013)
1917
Dorothy DeLay, American violinist and educator (d. 2002)
1916
Lucille Bliss, American voice actress (d. 2012)
1916
Tommy Bolt, American golfer (d. 2008)
1916
John H. Wood, Jr., American lawyer and judge (d. 1979)
1915
Albert Hourani, English historian and author (d. 1993)
1915
Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese sergeant (d. 1997)
1914
Octavio Paz, Mexican poet and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
1914
Dagmar Lange, Swedish author (d. 1991)
1913
Etta Baker, African-American singer and guitarist (d. 2006)
1912
William Lederer, American soldier and author (d. 2009)
1911
Freddie Green, American guitarist (d. 1987)
1911
Elisabeth Grümmer, German soprano (d. 1986)
1908
Red Norvo, American vibraphone player and composer (d. 1999)
1906
Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
1905
Robert Stevenson, English director and screenwriter (d. 1986)
1905
George Treweek, Australian rugby league player (d. 1991)
1900
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (d. 1974)
1895
Vardis Fisher, American author and academic (d. 1968)
1893
Clemens Krauss, Austrian conductor and manager (d. 1954)
1893
Herbert Meinhard Mühlpfordt, German physician and historian (d. 1982)
1891
Victor Varconi, Hungarian-American actor and director (d. 1976)
1890
Ben Adams, American jumper (d. 1961)
1890
William Lawrence Bragg, Australian-English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
1885
Pascin, Sephardi Jewish Bulgarian-American painter and illustrator (d. 1930)
1884
Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer and academic (d. 1946)
1878
Jack Johnson, American boxer (d. 1946)
1876
Borisav Stanković, Serbian author (d. 1927)
1874
Benjamín G. Hill, Mexican revolutionary general, governor of Sonora (d. 1920)
1874
Henri Marteau, French violinist and composer (d. 1934)
1872
Sergei Diaghilev, Russian ballet manager and critic, founded the Ballets Russes (d. 1929)
1871
Arthur Griffith, Irish journalist and politician, 3rd President of Dáil Éireann (d. 1922)
1865
Anandi Gopal Joshi, Indian physician (d. 1887)
1859
Emil Fenyvessy, Hungarian actor and screenwriter (d. 1924)
1855
Alfred E. Hunt, American businessman (d. 1899)
1851
Francis Bell, Jewish New Zealand lawyer and politician, 20th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1936)
1847
Hermann de Pourtalès, Swiss sailor (d. 1904)
1847
Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician and theorist (d. 1878)
1835
John La Farge, American artist (d. 1910)
1833
Mary Abigail Dodge, American writer and essayist (d. 1896)
1823
Mary Boykin Chesnut, American author (d. 1886)
1819
Chlodwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (d. 1901)
1809
Edward FitzGerald, English poet and translator (d. 1883)
1809
Nikolai Gogol, Ukrainian-Russian short story writer, novelist, and playwright (d. 1852)
1809
Otto Lindblad, Swedish composer (d. 1864)
1794
Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American lawyer and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1852)
1778
Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist and ornithologist (d. 1858)
1777
Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist and engineer (d. 1859)
1747
Johann Abraham Peter Schulz, German pianist and composer (d. 1800)
1740
Panoutsos Notaras, Greek politician (d. 1849)
1732
Joseph Haydn, Austrian pianist and composer (d. 1809)
1730
Étienne Bézout, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1783)
1723
Frederick V of Denmark (d. 1766)
1718
Mariana Victoria of Spain (d. 1781)
1685
Johann Sebastian Bach, German organist and composer (d. 1750)
1675
Pope Benedict XIV (d. 1758)
1651
Charles II, Elector Palatine, German husband of Princess Wilhelmine Ernestine of Denmark (d. 1685)
1621
Andrew Marvell, English poet and politician (d. 1678)
1601
Jakov Mikalja, Italian linguist and lexicographer (d. 1654)
1596
René Descartes, French mathematician and philosopher (d. 1650)
1536
Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shōgun (d. 1565)
1519
Henry II of France (d. 1559)
1504
Guru Angad, Indian religious leader (d. 1552)
1499
Pope Pius IV (d. 1565)
1360
Philippa of Lancaster (d. 1415)

Deaths On This Day

2017
Gilbert Baker, American artist and LGBT rights activist (b. 1951)
2017
James Rosenquist, American artist (b. 1933)
2016
Ronnie Corbett, Scottish comedian, actor and screenwriter (b. 1930)
2016
Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German politician (b. 1927)
2016
Zaha Hadid, Iraqi-born English architect and academic, designed the Bridge Pavilion (b. 1950)
2016
Imre Kertész, Hungarian author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1929)
2016
Denise Robertson, British writer and television broadcaster (b. 1932)
2015
Betty Churcher, Australian painter, historian, and curator (b. 1931)
2015
Cocoa Fujiwara, Japanese author and illustrator (b. 1983)
2015
Carlos Gaviria Díaz, Colombian lawyer and politician (b. 1937)
2015
Dalibor Vesely, Czech-English historian, author, and academic (b. 1934)
2014
Gonzalo Anes, Spanish economist, historian, and academic (b. 1931)
2014
Roger Somville, Belgian painter (b. 1923)
2013
Charles Amarin Brand, French archbishop (b. 1920)
2013
Ernie Bridge, Australian singer and politician (b. 1936)
2013
Bob Clarke, American illustrator (b. 1926)
2013
Ahmad Sayyed Javadi, Iranian lawyer and politician, Iranian Minister of Interior (b. 1917)
2013
Dmitri Uchaykin, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1980)
2012
Judith Adams, New Zealand-Australian nurse and politician (b. 1943)
2012
Dale R. Corson, American physicist and academic (b. 1914)
2012
Bernard O. Gruenke, American stained glass artist (b. 1914)
2012
Jerry Lynch, American baseball player (b. 1930)
2012
Alberto Sughi, Italian painter (b. 1928)
2012
Halbert White, American economist and academic (b. 1950)
2011
Gil Clancy, American boxer and trainer (b. 1922)
2011
Alan Fitzgerald, Australian journalist and author (b. 1935)
2011
Mary Greyeyes, the first First Nations woman to join the Canadian Armed Forces (b. 1920)
2011
Oddvar Hansen, Norwegian footballer and coach (b. 1921)
2011
Ishbel MacAskill, Scottish singer and actress (b. 1941)
2011
Henry Taub, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1927)
2009
Raúl Alfonsín, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 46th President of Argentina (b. 1927)
2009
Choor Singh, Indian-Singaporean lawyer and judge (b. 1911)
2008
Jules Dassin, American director, producer, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1911)
2008
Bill Keightley, American equipment manager (b. 1926)
2007
Paul Watzlawick, Austrian-American psychologist and philosopher (b. 1921)
2006
Jackie McLean, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1931)
2005
Stanley J. Korsmeyer, American oncologist and academic (b. 1951)
2005
Justiniano Montano, Filipino lawyer and politician (b. 1905)
2005
Frank Perdue, American businessman (b. 1920)
2004
Scott Helvenston, American soldier (b. 1965)
2003
Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, English-Canadian mathematician and academic (b. 1907)
2003
Anne Gwynne, American actress (b. 1918)
2003
Tommy Seebach, Danish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1949)
2002
Barry Took, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1928)
2002
Moturu Udayam, Indian activist and politician (b. 1924)
2001
David Rocastle, English footballer (b. 1967)
2001
Clifford Shull, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
1999
Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist and ethnographer (b. 1922)
1998
Bella Abzug, American lawyer, activist, and politician (b. 1920)
1998
Tim Flock, American race car driver (b. 1924)
1998
Joel Ryce-Menuhin, American pianist (b. 1933)
1996
Dante Giacosa, Italian automobile designer and engineer (b. 1905)
1996
Jeffrey Lee Pierce, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1958)
1995
Selena, American singer-songwriter (b. 1971)
1993
Brandon Lee, American actor and martial artist (b. 1965)
1993
Mitchell Parish, Lithuanian-American songwriter (b. 1900)
1988
William McMahon, Australian lawyer and politician, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1908)
1986
Jerry Paris, American actor and director (b. 1925)
1983
Christina Stead, Australian author and academic (b. 1902)
1981
Enid Bagnold, English author and playwright (b. 1889)
1980
Vladimír Holan, Czech poet and author (b. 1905)
1980
Jesse Owens, American sprinter and long jumper (b. 1913)
1978
Charles Herbert Best, American-Canadian physiologist and biochemist, co-discovered Insulin (b. 1899)
1976
Paul Strand, American photographer and director (b. 1890)
1975
Percy Alliss, English golfer (b. 1897)
1970
Semyon Timoshenko, Soviet Commander during the Winter War and the Eastern Front of World War II (b. 1894)
1968
Grover Lowdermilk, American baseball player (b. 1885)
1956
Ralph DePalma, Italian-American race car driver and actor (b. 1884)
1952
Wallace H. White, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1877)
1950
Robert Natus, Estonian architect (b. 1890)
1945
Frank Findlay, New Zealand banker and politician (b. 1884)
1945
Hans Fischer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
1944
Mineichi Koga, Japanese admiral (b. 1885)
1939
Ioannis Tsangaridis, Greek general (b. 1887)
1935
Georges V. Matchabelli, Georgian-American businessman and diplomat, founded Prince Matchabelli perfume (b. 1885)
1931
Knute Rockne, American football player and coach (b. 1888)
1930
Ludwig Schüler, German politician, Mayor of Marburg (b. 1836)
1927
Kang Youwei, Chinese scholar and political reformer (b. 1858)
1924
George Charles Haité, English painter and illustrator (b. 1855)
1917
Emil von Behring, German physiologist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1854)
1915
Wyndham Halswelle, English-Scottish runner and captain (b. 1882)
1913
J. P. Morgan, American banker and financier (b. 1837)
1910
Jean Moréas, Greek poet, essayist and art critic (b. 1856)
1907
Galusha A. Grow, American lawyer and politician, 28th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1823)
1885
Franz Abt, German composer and conductor (b. 1819)
1880
Henryk Wieniawski, Polish violinist and composer (b. 1835)
1877
Antoine Augustin Cournot, French mathematician and philosopher (b. 1801)
1855
Charlotte Brontë, English novelist and poet (b. 1816)
1850
John C. Calhoun, American lawyer and politician, 7th Vice President of the United States (b. 1782)
1837
John Constable, English painter and educator (b. 1776)
1797
Olaudah Equiano, Nigerian merchant, author, and activist (b.1745)
1751
Frederick, Prince of Wales, Hanoverian-born heir to the British throne (b. 1707)
1741
Pieter Burman the Elder, Dutch scholar and author (b. 1668)
1723
Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, English soldier and politician, 14th Colonial Governor of New York (b. 1661)
1671
Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (b. 1637)
1631
John Donne, English lawyer and poet (b. 1572)
1622
Gonzalo Méndez de Canço, Royal Governor of La Florida (b. 1554)
1621
Philip III, Spanish king (b. 1578)
1567
Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse (b. 1504)
1547
Francis I, French king (b. 1494)
1491
Bonaventura Tornielli, Italian Roman Catholic priest (b. 1411)
1462
Isidore II of Constantinople, patriarch of Constantinople
1342
Dionigi di Borgo San Sepolcro, Italian Augustinian monk
1340
Ivan I of Moscow, Russian Grand Duke (b. 1288)
1251
William of Modena, Italian bishop and diplomat
1241
Pousa, voivode of Transylvania
963
Ahmad ibn Muhammad, Saffarid emir (b. 906)
528
Xiaoming, emperor of Northern Wei (b. 510)
32 BC
Titus Pomponius Atticus, Roman nobleman of the Equestrian order (b. 109 BC)

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