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On This Day in History:  March 18

March 18 is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 288 days remain until the end of the year.

Lottery News On This Day

2020
Oklahoma tribe says state lottery 'second chance' game violates compacts. An online state lottery game violates the gaming compacts between Oklahoma and Native American tribes and should end the exclusivity fees tribes pay the state each year, an Oklahoma-based tribe said in a court filing.
2020
Oregon Lottery draws winning 2020 St. Patrick's Day Raffle numbers. The Oregon Lottery has announced the winning numbers for the St. Patrick's Day Raffle.
2019
Winner of $1.5B lottery jackpot donates some winnings to Alabama tornado victims. The winner of the largest Mega Millions jackpot in US history — $1.5 billion — is sharing some of her newfound wealth to help others in need.
2019
Arkansas bill to keep lottery winner names secret fails. An effort to keep the identities of some lottery winners secret has failed in the Arkansas House.
2018
One lottery ticket sold in Pennsylvania wins Saturday's $456.7 million Powerball jackpot. St. Patrick's Day brought the Luck of the Irish to the state of Pennsylvania Saturday night.
2016
Multi-state lottery game coming to Wyoming. WyoLotto players could have a new draw game to play by this fall after the Wyoming Lottery Corp. board of directors on Thursday unanimously approved adding the Lucky for Life game to the three currently offered.
2015
Quest for lottery jackpot denied again. The long-running case of Clarence Jackson, who has been fighting for 19 years to claim $5.8 million in lottery winnings, encountered another setback Tuesday when a legislative committee voted 13-12 to reject his case.
2013
Maine lottery scratch tickets may get new controversial name. The Maine State Lottery may soon give a name to its scratch tickets for the first time, but the name isn't sitting well with everyone.
2011
N.C. store owner accused of stealing winning lottery ticket. Police in Dunn, North Carolina, said that when a lottery player brought a winning ticket into a Pop Mart, about 40 miles south of Raleigh, the store's owner told her it wasn't a winner and kept it, later trying to claim the prize of nearly $88,000 for himself.
2010
Arkansas Lottery sued for trademark infringement. The Arkansas Scholarship Lottery is the target of a lawsuit by a man who claims he owns the trademark to names the state lottery is using.
2010
Arkansas Lottery will add raffle games to lineup. The Arkansas Lottery Commission voted yesterday to authorize the introduction of raffle games during the 2010-2011 fiscal year.
2010
Illinois Lottery's Raffle creates four lucky millionaires. The Illinois Lottery held its sixth-ever Millionaire Raffle drawing yesterday -- the third on St. Patrick's Day -- which instantly created four new millionaires.
2010
Oregon Lottery draws St. Patrick's Raffle. The Oregon Lottery yesterday held the state's third raffle drawing -- the second it has held on St. Patrick's Day -- resulting in one new millionaire and over one thousand other prize winners.
2010
Bus driver wins £2m lottery jackpot three months after divorce. Just weeks after his divorce, bus driver Kevin Halstead won £2.3 million (US$3.5 million) playing the Lottery.
2009
New Hampshire Lottery celebrates 45th anniversary. Just like when New Hampshire started its first-in-the-nation lottery in 1964, opponents of expanded gambling still argue today that it will hurt the state's image and cause more problems than it would solve.
2009
Lottery supporters in Nevada try again. Advocates of a lottery in the nation's No. 1 gambling state have faced a long run of bad luck in getting Nevada legislators to back the idea -- but they're betting the time is right for one more attempt.
2009
19-year-old from N.Y. wins $1M lottery prize. Albion, New York, native Brittanie DeClerck dreams of owning her own pet shop someday; a dream she now wants to make real with part of the $1,000,000 top prize she won on an Emerald 8s scratch off ticket from the New York Lottery.
2009
Lottery officials confirm Chubb workers as winners of $140M Mega Millions jackpot. New Jersey State Lottery officials today confirmed that the 10 employees of Chubb Insurance who last week claimed the winning Mega Millions ticket would be awarded a total of roughly $140 million before taxes.
2009
Illinois Lottery creates four lucky millionaires. The Illinois Lottery held its fourth-ever Millionaire Raffle drawing yesterday -- the second on St. Patrick's Day -- which instantly created four millionaires.
2009
Oregon Lottery draws first raffle. The Oregon Lottery yesterday held the state's first-ever raffle, the appropriately-named St. Patrick's Day Raffle, resulting in one new millionaire and over one thousand other prize winners.
2008
Women win $276M lottery jackpot - and report back to work. If you thought you'd just won a fortune, would you go to work the next day? Eight women who toil in a tax office in Morgantown, West Virginia did just that on Monday, as they anxiously await confirmation that they hold the winning ticket in a $276.3 million lottery jackpot.
2008
Illinois Lottery makes four lucky millionaires. The Illinois Lottery held its second-ever Millionaire Raffle drawing yesterday, which instantly created four millionaires.
2005
First WV lottery winner gets final annuity check. A Wood County man who was the West Virginia Lottery's first jackpot winner received his last of 20 payments on Wednesday.
2005
Man finally wins lottery claim from washed-up ticket. A Spaniard has won a six-year court battle to claim the equivalent of about $50,000 US from a winning lottery ticket that went through a washing machine and came out in pieces.
2005
Winning $4.86 million lottery ticket recovered from store garbage. Being a good Samaritan may not pay off in money, but doing a good deed is reward enough for one store clerk who rescued a nearly $5 million lottery ticket from the trash and returned it to its rightful owner.
2005
Elderly man, claiming he was cheated of lottery prize, wins settlement. An elderly man who claims he was swindled out of a winning lottery ticket has won a court settlement with the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corp.
2005
Record lottery winner rushes back to work. Germany's biggest individual lottery winner had no time to celebrate after becoming 20.4 million euros (US$27 million) richer because he was too worried about being late for work.
2005
Oklahoma lottery funds still tied up. Legislators are still working on details of a plan to give the new Oklahoma Education Lottery Commission an emergency appropriation of $500,000, a Senate leader said Wednesday.
2005
Georgia Lottery's Million-Dollar Hoopla Set to Tip-Off. The Georgia Lottery Corporation's Million-Dollar Hoopla promotion is coming to the Gainesville District to give a lucky player the chance to win $1 million.
2005
Another winning Powerball ticket sold in Pennsylvania. For the third time in four months, a winning Powerball ticket was bought in Western Pennsylvania -- this time in Marshall, state lottery officials said Thursday.
2004
$12 Million Powerball Jackpot Up For Grabs. Because no one correctly matched all six numbers in Wednesday's Powerball drawing the jackpot grew to an estimated $12 million, with a cash option of $6.7 million.
2004
Two Wisconsin brothers arrested in lottery tickets theft. Two brothers from Antigo, Wisconsin were jailed Tuesday after they were caught trying to cash stolen lottery tickets.

Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day

1.$562.1 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 20, 2019
2.$414 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 18, 2014
3.$377 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 20, 2018
4.$260 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 20, 2013
5.$241 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 20, 2012
6.$201 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 18, 2011
7.€105 Million
US$148.73 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 18, 2011
8.€116.07 Million
US$142.57 Million
Draw Date
Mar 20, 2018
9.$141 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 18, 2017
10.$140 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 21, 2017
11.€121.9 Million
US$138.37 Million
Draw Date
Mar 19, 2019
12.$130 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 18, 2020
13.$96 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 20, 2020
14.$88 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 18, 2006
15.$85 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 19, 2011
16.€76 Million
US$83.79 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Mar 20, 2020
17.$80 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 19, 2014
17.$80 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 19, 2016
19.€64 Million
US$77.11 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 24, 2006
20.$70 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Mar 21, 2012
21.$69 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 18, 2008
22.€61 Million
US$68.81 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Mar 18, 2016
23.$68 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Mar 21, 2006
24.€60 Million
US$67.68 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Mar 18, 2016
25.€59.37 Million
US$66.9 Million
Draw Date
Mar 19, 2016

Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day

1980
Tuesday, Mar 18, 1980
40 years old
1977
Friday, Mar 18, 1977
43 years old
1977
Friday, Mar 18, 1977
43 years old
1975
Tuesday, Mar 18, 1975
45 years old
1973
Sunday, Mar 18, 1973
47 years old
1973
Sunday, Mar 18, 1973
47 years old
1971
Thursday, Mar 18, 1971
49 years old
1966
Friday, Mar 18, 1966
54 years old
1962
Sunday, Mar 18, 1962
58 years old
1960
Friday, Mar 18, 1960
60 years old
1958
Tuesday, Mar 18, 1958
62 years old
1952
Tuesday, Mar 18, 1952
68 years old
1947
Tuesday, Mar 18, 1947
73 years old

Worldwide Events On This Day

2015
The Bardo National Museum in Tunisia is attacked by gunmen. 23 people, almost all tourists, are killed, and at least 50 other people are wounded.
2014
The parliaments of Russia and Crimea sign an accession treaty.
1997
The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 charter plane breaks off while en route to Turkey causing the plane to crash and killing all 50 people on board.
1996
A nightclub fire in Quezon City, Philippines kills 162 people.
1994
Bosnia's Bosniaks and Croats sign the Washington Agreement, ending war between the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia and the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and establishing the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
1990
Germans in the German Democratic Republic vote in the first democratic elections in the former communist dictatorship.
1990
In the largest art theft in US history, 12 paintings, collectively worth around $500 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston.
1980
A Vostok-2M rocket at Plesetsk Cosmodrome Site 43explodes during a fueling operation, killing 48 people.
1971
Peru: a landslide crashes into Yanawayin Lake, killing 200 people at the mining camp of Chungar.
1970
Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
1969
The United States begins secretly bombing the Sihanouk Trail in Cambodia, used by communist forces to infiltrate South Vietnam.
1968
Gold standard: The U.S. Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back US currency.
1967
The supertankerTorrey Canyon runs aground off the Cornish coast.
1965
CosmonautAlexei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
1962
The Évian Accords end the Algerian War of Independence, which had begun in 1954.
1959
The Hawaii Admission Act is signed into law.
1953
An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 265 people.
1948
Soviet consultants leave Yugoslavia in the first sign of the Tito-Stalin Split.
1944
Mount Vesuvius in Naples, Italy erupts killing 26 people and causing thousands to flee their homes.
1942
The War Relocation Authority is established in the United States to take Japanese Americans into custody.
1940
World War II: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at the Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.
1938
Mexico creates Pemex by expropriating all foreign-owned oil reserves and facilities.
1937
The New London School explosion in New London, Texas, kills 300 people, mostly children.
1937
Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces defeat the Italians at the Battle of Guadalajara.
1925
The Tri-State Tornado hits the Midwestern states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people.
1922
In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience, of which he serves only two.
1921
The second Peace of Riga is signed between Poland and the Soviet Union.
1915
World War I: During the Battle of Gallipoli, three battleships are sunk during a failed British and French naval attack on the Dardanelles.
1913
King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
1902
Macario Sakay issues Presidential Order No. 1 of his Tagalog Republic.
1892
Former Governor General Lord Stanley pledges to donate a silver challenge cup as an award for the best hockey team in Canada; it was later named after him as the Stanley Cup.
1874
Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trade rights.
1871
Declaration of the Paris Commune; President of the French Republic, Adolphe Thiers, orders the evacuation of Paris.
1865
American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States adjourns for the last time.
1850
American Express is founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo.
1848
March Revolution: In Berlin there is a struggle between citizens and military, costing about 300 lives.
1834
Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.
1793
The first modern republic in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
1793
Flanders Campaign of the French Revolution, Battle of Neerwinden.
1766
American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act.
1741
New York governor George Clarke's complex at Fort George is burned in an arson attack, starting the New York Conspiracy of 1741.
1644
The Third Anglo-Powhatan War begins in the Colony of Virginia.
1608
Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.
1438
Albert II of Habsburg becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
1314
Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and final Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake.
1241
First Mongol invasion of Poland: Mongols overwhelm Polish armies in Kraków in the Battle of Chmielnik and plunder the city.
1229
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, declares himself King of Jerusalem in the Sixth Crusade.
1068
An earthquake in the Levant and the Arabian Peninsula, leaves up to 20,000 dead.

Births On This Day

1997
Ciara Bravo, American actress
1997
Rieko Ioane, New Zealand rugby union player
1992
Ryan Truex, American race car driver
1992
Takuya Terada, Japanese singer, actor, and model
1991
Dylan Mattingly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1991
Sam Williams, Australian rugby league player
1989
Francesco Checcucci, Italian footballer
1989
Lily Collins, English-American actress
1989
Shreevats Goswami, Indian cricketer
1989
Kana Nishino, Japanese singer-songwriter
1989
Paul Marc Rousseau, Canadian guitarist and producer
1987
Rebecca Soni, American swimmer
1986
Lykke Li, Swedish singer-songwriter
1986
Abdennour Chérif El-Ouazzani, Algerian footballer
1985
Ana Beatriz, Brazilian race car driver
1985
Marvin Humes, English singer
1985
Vince Lia, Australian footballer
1984
Simone Padoin, Italian footballer
1984
Rajeev Ram, American tennis player
1984
Vonzell Solomon, American singer and actress
1983
Ethan Carter III, American wrestler
1983
Stéphanie Cohen-Aloro, French tennis player
1983
Andy Sonnanstine, American baseball player
1983
Tomasz Stolpa, Polish footballer
1982
Mantorras, Angolan footballer
1982
Chad Cordero, American baseball player
1982
Timo Glock, German race car driver
1982
Adam Pally, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1981
Tora Berger, Norwegian biathlete
1981
Fabian Cancellara, Swiss cyclist
1981
Leslie Djhone, French sprinter
1981
Jang Na-ra, South Korean singer and actress
1981
Kasib Powell, American basketball player
1981
Tom Starke, German footballer
1981
Doug Warren, American soccer player
1981
Lovro Zovko, Croatian tennis player
1980
Sébastien Frey, French footballer
1980
Sophia Myles, English actress
1980
Alexei Yagudin, Russian figure skater
1979
Adam Levine, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and television personality
1978
Fernandão, Brazilian footballer and manager (d. 2014)
1978
Brooke Hanson, Australian swimmer
1978
Brian Scalabrine, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
1978
Jonas Wallerstedt, Swedish footballer, coach, and manager
1977
Zdeno Chára, Slovak ice hockey player
1977
Danny Murphy, English footballer and sportscaster
1977
Fernando Rodney, Dominican-American baseball player
1977
Willy Sagnol, French footballer and manager
1977
Terrmel Sledge, American baseball player and coach
1976
Giovanna Antonelli, Brazilian actress and producer
1976
Tomo Ohka, Japanese baseball player
1976
Scott Podsednik, American baseball player
1976
Mike Quackenbush, American wrestler, trainer, and author, founded Chikara wrestling promotion
1975
Sutton Foster, American actress, singer, and dancer
1975
Brian Griese, American football player and sportscaster
1975
Kimmo Timonen, Finnish ice hockey player
1975
Tomas Žvirgždauskas, Lithuanian footballer
1974
Laure Savasta, French basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
1974
Stuart Zender, English bass player, songwriter, and producer
1973
Luci Christian, American voice actress and screenwriter
1972
Dane Cook, American comedian, actor, director, and producer
1972
Reince Priebus, American lawyer and politician
1971
Wayne Arthurs, Australian tennis player
1971
Mike Bell, American wrestler (d. 2008)
1971
Mariaan de Swardt, South African-American tennis player, coach, and sportscaster
1971
Kitty Ussher, English economist and politician
1970
Queen Latifah, American rapper, producer, and actress
1969
Andy Cutting, English accordion player and composer
1969
Vassily Ivanchuk, Ukrainian chess player
1969
Shaun Udal, English cricketer
1968
Prince Eudes, Duke of Angoulême
1968
Miguel Herrera, Mexican footballer and manager
1968
Temur Ketsbaia, Georgian footballer and manager
1968
Paul Marsden, English businessman and politician
1967
Miki Berenyi, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1966
Jerry Cantrell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1966
Peter Jones, English businessman
1966
Brian Watts, Canadian golfer
1964
Bonnie Blair, American speed skater
1964
Alex Caffi, Italian race car driver
1964
Jo Churchill, British politician
1964
Courtney Pine, English saxophonist and clarinet player
1964
Isabel Noronha, Mozambican film director
1963
Jeff LaBar, American guitarist
1963
Vanessa L. Williams, American model, actress, and singer
1962
Michael Andrews, Australian rugby league player
1962
Irene Cara, American singer-songwriter, actress, and producer
1962
Brian Fisher, American baseball player
1962
Thomas Ian Griffith, American actor and martial artist
1962
James McMurtry, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
1962
Etsushi Toyokawa, Japanese actor and director
1962
Volker Weidler, German race car driver and engineer
1961
Grant Hart, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
1960
Richard Biggs, American actor (d. 2004)
1960
Guy Carbonneau, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1960
James Plaskett, Cypriot-English chess player
1959
Luc Besson, French director, producer, and screenwriter, founded EuropaCorp
1958
Richard de Zoysa, Sri Lankan journalist and author (d. 1990)
1957
Christer Fuglesang, Swedish physicist and astronaut
1956
Rick Martel, Canadian wrestler
1956
Deborah Jeane Palfrey, American madam (d. 2008)
1956
Ingemar Stenmark, Swedish skier
1955
Francis G. Slay, American lawyer and politician, 45th Mayor of St. Louis
1955
Jeff Stelling, English journalist and game show host
1953
Franz Wright, Austrian-American poet and translator (d. 2015)
1953
Takashi Yoshimatsu, Japanese composer
1952
Will Durst, American journalist and actor
1952
Pat Eddery, Irish jockey and trainer (d. 2015)
1952
Bernie Tormé, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist
1952
Mike Webster, American football player (d. 2002)
1951
Paul Barber, English actor
1951
Ben Cohen, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Ben and Jerry's
1951
Bill Frisell, American guitarist and composer
1951
Timothy N. Philpot, American lawyer, author, and judge
1950
James Conlon, American conductor and educator
1950
Brad Dourif, American actor
1950
Linda Partridge, English geneticist and academic
1950
Larry Perkins, Australian race car driver
1949
Åse Kleveland, Norwegian singer and politician, Norwegian Minister of Culture
1948
Guy Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1948
Brian Lloyd, Welsh footballer
1948
Eknath Solkar, Indian cricketer (d. 2005)
1947
Patrick Barlow, English actor and playwright
1947
Patrick Chesnais, French actor, director, and screenwriter
1947
David Lloyd, English cricketer, journalist, and sportscaster
1947
B. J. Wilson, English rock drummer (d. 1990)
1946
Michel Leclère, French race car driver
1945
Hiroh Kikai, Japanese photographer
1945
Michael Reagan, American journalist and radio host
1945
Susan Tyrrell, American actress (d. 2012)
1945
Eric Woolfson, Scottish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 2009)
1944
Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli general and politician, 22nd Transportation Minister of Israel (d. 2012)
1944
Frank McRae, American football player and actor
1944
Dick Smith, Australian publisher and businessman, founded Dick Smith Electronics and Australian Geographic
1943
Dennis Linde, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
1942
Kathleen Collins, African-American filmmaker and playwright (d. 1988)
1941
Wilson Pickett, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
1939
Ron Atkinson, English footballer and manager
1939
Jean-Pierre Wallez, French violinist and conductor
1938
Carl Gottlieb, American actor and screenwriter
1938
Shashi Kapoor, Indian actor and producer (d. 2017)
1938
Kenny Lynch, English singer-songwriter and actor
1938
Timo Mäkinen, Finnish race car driver (d. 2017)
1938
Machiko Soga, Japanese actress (d. 2006)
1937
Rudi Altig, German cyclist and sportscaster (d. 2016)
1937
Mark Donohue, American race car driver (d. 1975)
1936
F. W. de Klerk, South African lawyer and politician, 2nd State President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate
1935
Ole Barndorff-Nielsen, Danish mathematician and statistician
1935
Frances Cress Welsing, American psychiatrist and author (d. 2016)
1934
Roy Chapman, English footballer and manager (d. 1983)
1934
Charley Pride, American country music singer and musician
1933
Unita Blackwell, American activist and politician
1932
John Updike, American novelist, short story writer, and critic (d. 2009)
1931
John Fraser, Scottish actor
1930
James J. Andrews, American mathematician and academic (d. 1998)
1929
Samuel Pisar, Polish-American lawyer and author (d. 2015)
1928
Miguel Poblet, Spanish cyclist (d. 2013)
1928
Fidel V. Ramos, Filipino general and politician, 12th President of the Philippines
1927
John Kander, American pianist and composer
1927
George Plimpton, American journalist and actor (d. 2003)
1927
Lillian Vernon, German-American businesswoman and philanthropist, founded the Lillian Vernon Company (d. 2015)
1926
Peter Graves, American actor and director (d. 2010)
1925
Alessandro Alessandroni, Italian musician (d. 2017)
1925
James Pickles, English journalist, lawyer, and judge (d. 2010)
1923
Andy Granatelli, American race car driver and businessman (d. 2013)
1922
Egon Bahr, German journalist and politician, Federal Minister for Special Affairs of Germany (d. 2015)
1922
Seymour Martin Lipset, American sociologist and academic (d. 2006)
1922
Fred Shuttlesworth, American activist, co-founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (d. 2011)
1915
Richard Condon, American author and screenwriter (d. 1996)
1913
René Clément, French director and screenwriter (d. 1996)
1913
Werner Mölders, German colonel and pilot (d. 1941)
1912
Art Gilmore, American voice actor and announcer (d. 2010)
1911
Smiley Burnette, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1967)
1909
Ernest Gallo, American businessman, co-founded the E & J Gallo Winery (d. 2007)
1909
C. Walter Hodges, English author and illustrator (d. 2004)
1908
Loulou Gasté, French composer (d. 1995)
1907
John Zachary Young, English zoologist and neurophysiologist (d. 1997)
1905
Thomas Townsend Brown, American physicist and engineer (d. 1985)
1905
Robert Donat, English actor (d. 1958)
1904
Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet and author (d. 1926)
1904
Margaret Tucker, Australian author and activist (d. 1996)
1903
Galeazzo Ciano, Italian journalist and politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1944)
1903
E. O. Plauen, German cartoonist (d. 1944)
1901
Manly Palmer Hall, Canadian mystic, author & philosopher (d. 1990)
1901
William Johnson, American painter (d. 1970)
1893
Costante Girardengo, Italian cyclist (d. 1978)
1893
Wilfred Owen, English soldier and poet (d. 1918)
1890
Henri Decoin, French director and screenwriter (d. 1969)
1886
Edward Everett Horton, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1970)
1884
Bernard Cronin, English-Australian journalist and author (d. 1968)
1882
Gian Francesco Malipiero, Italian composer and educator (d. 1973)
1878
Percival Perry, 1st Baron Perry, English businessman (d. 1956)
1877
Edgar Cayce, American mystic and psychic (d. 1945)
1877
Clem Hill, Australian cricketer and engineer (d. 1945)
1874
Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian-French philosopher and theologian (d. 1948)
1870
Agnes Sime Baxter, Canadian mathematician (d. 1917)
1869
Neville Chamberlain, English businessman and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1940)
1863
William Sulzer, American lawyer and politician, 39th Governor of New York (d. 1941)
1862
Eugène Jansson, Swedish painter (d. 1915)
1858
Rudolf Diesel, German engineer, invented the Diesel engine (d. 1913)
1848
Nathanael Greene Herreshoff, American architect and engineer (d. 1938)
1846
Kicking Bear, Native American tribal leader (d. 1904)
1844
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer and academic (d. 1908)
1842
Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet and critic (d. 1898)
1840
William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
1837
Grover Cleveland, American lawyer and politician, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (d. 1908)
1828
Randal Cremer, English activist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1908)
1823
Antoine Chanzy, French general (d. 1883)
1820
John Plankinton, American businessman and industrialist, also noted for philanthropy (d. 1891)
1819
James McCulloch, Scottish-Australian politician, 5th Premier of Victoria (d. 1893)
1814
Jacob Bunn, American businessman (d. 1897)
1813
Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German poet and playwright (d. 1864)
1798
Francis Lieber, German-American jurist and philosopher (d. 1872)
1789
Charlotte Elliott, English poet, hymn writer, editor (d. 1871)
1782
John C. Calhoun, American lawyer and politician, 7th Vice President of the United States (d. 1850)
1780
Miloš Obrenović, Serbian prince (d. 1860)
1733
Christoph Friedrich Nicolai, German author and bookseller (d. 1811)
1701
Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Swedish East India Company (d. 1776)
1690
Christian Goldbach, Prussian-German mathematician and academic (d. 1764)
1657
Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian organist and composer (d. 1743)
1640
Philippe de La Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
1634
Madame de La Fayette, French author (d. 1693)
1609
Frederick III of Denmark (d. 1670)
1603
Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate (d. 1697)
1597
Jérôme le Royer de la Dauversière, French religious leader, founded the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal (d. 1659)
1590
Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649)
1578
Adam Elsheimer, German painter (d. 1610)
1555
Francis, Duke of Anjou (d. 1584)
1552
Polykarp Leyser the Elder, German theologian (d. 1610)
1548
Cornelis Ketel, Dutch painter (d. 1616)
1495
Mary Tudor, Queen of France (d. 1533)
1395
John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, English military commander (d. 1447)
1075
Al-Zamakhshari, Persian scholar and theologian (d. 1144)

Deaths On This Day

2017
Chuck Berry, American guitarist, singer and songwriter (b. 1926)
2016
Barry Hines, English author and screenwriter (b. 1939)
2016
Jan Němec, Czech director and screenwriter (b. 1936)
2016
Tray Walker, American football player (b. 1992)
2016
Guido Westerwelle, German lawyer and politician, 15th Vice-Chancellor of Germany (b. 1961)
2015
Zhao Dayu, Chinese footballer and manager (b. 1961)
2015
Thomas Hopko, American priest and theologian (b. 1939)
2015
Grace Ogot, Kenyan nurse, journalist, and politician (b. 1930)
2014
Catherine Obianuju Acholonu, Nigerian author, playwright, and academic (b. 1951)
2014
Kaiser Kalambo, Zambian footballer, coach, and manager (b. 1953)
2014
Lucius Shepard, American author and critic (b. 1943)
2013
Muhammad Mahmood Alam, Pakistani general and pilot (b. 1935)
2013
Henry Bromell, American novelist, screenwriter, and director (b. 1947)
2013
Clay Ford, American lawyer and politician (b. 1938)
2012
Furman Bisher, American journalist and author (b. 1918)
2012
William R. Charette, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
2012
William G. Moore Jr., American general (b. 1920)
2012
George Tupou V of Tonga (b. 1948)
2011
Warren Christopher, American lawyer and politician, 63rd United States Secretary of State (b. 1925)
2010
Fess Parker, American actor and businessman (b. 1924)
2009
Omid Reza Mir Sayafi, Iranian journalist and blogger (b. 1980)
2009
Natasha Richardson, English-American actress (b. 1963)
2008
Anthony Minghella, English director and screenwriter (b. 1954)
2007
Bob Woolmer, Indian-English cricketer, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1948)
2006
Dan Gibson, Canadian photographer and cinematographer (b. 1922)
2004
Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman, co-founded McCain Foods (b. 1927)
2003
Karl Kling, German race car driver (b. 1910)
2003
Adam Osborne, Thai-English engineer and businessman, founded the Osborne Computer Corporation (b. 1939)
2002
R. A. Lafferty, American soldier and author (b. 1914)
2001
John Phillips, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Mamas & the Papas) (b. 1935)
2000
Eberhard Bethge, German theologian and academic (b. 1909)
1996
Odysseas Elytis, Greek poet and critic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
1993
Kenneth E. Boulding, English-American economist and activist (b. 1910)
1990
Robin Harris, American comedian (b. 1953)
1988
Billy Butterfield, American trumpet player and cornet player (b. 1917)
1986
Bernard Malamud, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1914)
1984
Charley Lau, American baseball player and coach (b. 1933)
1983
Umberto II of Italy (b. 1904)
1982
Patrick Smith, Irish farmer and politician, Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine (b. 1901)
1980
Erich Fromm, German psychologist and philosopher (b. 1900)
1978
Leigh Brackett, American author and screenwriter (b. 1915)
1978
Peggy Wood, American actress (b. 1892)
1977
Marien Ngouabi, Congolese politician, President of the Republic of the Congo (b. 1938)
1977
Carlos Pace, Brazilian race car driver (b. 1944)
1973
Johannes Aavik, Estonian philologist and poet (b. 1880)
1965
Farouk of Egypt (b. 1920)
1964
Sigfrid Edström, Swedish businessman, 4th President of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1870)
1962
Walter W. Bacon, American accountant and politician, 60th Governor of Delaware (b. 1880)
1956
Louis Bromfield, American environmentalist and author (b. 1896)
1954
Walter Mead, English cricketer (b. 1868)
1947
William C. Durant, American businessman, co-founded General Motors and Chevrolet (b. 1861)
1941
Henri Cornet, French cyclist (b. 1884)
1939
Henry Simpson Lunn, English businessman, founded Lunn Poly (b. 1859)
1936
Eleftherios Venizelos, Greek journalist, lawyer, and politician, 93rd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1864)
1930
Jean Leon Gerome Ferris, American painter (b. 1863)
1918
Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, American architect, designed the Plaza Hotel (b. 1847)
1913
George I of Greece (b. 1845)
1907
Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist and politician, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1827)
1900
Hjalmar Kiærskou, Danish botanist (b. 1835)
1898
Matilda Joslyn Gage, American author and activist (b. 1826)
1871
Augustus De Morgan, Indian-English mathematician and academic (b. 1806)
1845
Johnny Appleseed, American gardener and missionary (b. 1774)
1835
Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish-Prussian politician and diplomat (b. 1769)
1823
Jean-Baptiste Bréval, French cellist and composer (b. 1753)
1781
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, French economist and politician, Controller-General of Finances (b. 1727)
1768
Laurence Sterne, Irish novelist and clergyman (b. 1713)
1745
Robert Walpole, English scholar and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1676)
1689
John Dixwell, English soldier and politician (b. 1607)
1675
Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
1582
Juan Jauregui, attempted assassin of William I of Orange (b. 1562)
1321
Matthew III Csák, Hungarian oligarch (b. c.1260/5)
1314
Jacques de Molay, Frankish knight (b. 1244)
1314
Geoffroy de Charney, Preceptor of Normandy for the Knights Templar
1308
Yuri I of Galicia
1272
John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel (b. 1246)
1227
Pope Honorius III (b. 1148)
1086
Anselm of Lucca, Italian bishop (b. 1036)
1076
Ermengarde of Anjou, Duchess of Burgundy (b. 1018)
978
Edward the Martyr, English king (b. 962)

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