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On This Day in History:  December 31

December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. It is the last day of the year, with the next day being January 1 of the following year.

Lottery News On This Day

2015
$334 MILLION: Powerball jackpot rolls into the new year. This Saturday, lottery players will have the chance to buy tickets for the largest Powerball jackpot in nearly a year.
2013
California waiting for Mega Millions winner to emerge. Someone, somewhere, is in possession of a lucky Mega Millions lottery ticket worth $324 million that was purchased at a small San Jose shop on Dec. 17.
2013
Tenn. lottery CEO gets award named after her. The president and CEO of the Tennessee Education Lottery Corp. is being recognized by a leading lottery trade organization with an award named after her.
2013
Pennsylvania will not privatize lottery. Pennsylvania is scrapping a deal with a U.K.-based company to privatize management of the state's lottery system, Governor Tom Corbett said on Monday.
2012
N.C. woman gets surprise lottery gift from brother. A North Carolina woman thought she was finished with her family's Christmas on Wednesday, but a late gift from her brother made her $100,000 richer.
2012
N.C. store clerk charged in lottery scam. Police arrested a convenience store clerk Thursday after she allegedly told a customer his ticket wasn't a winner, then cashed the $50 winning ticket after the man left the store.
2010
Ireland Lottery draws two €1 million raffle winners. The Ireland Lottery conducted its annual Christmas raffle drawing Friday, awarding two grand prizes of €1 million (US$1.3 million) and many smaller cash prizes.
2010
Canada Lotto Max players awaiting huge draw tonight. New Year's Eve might be a lucky night for Lotto Max players across Canada, as a $50 million jackpot and an estimated 18 MaxMillions $1 million bonus prizes are scheduled to be drawn.
2010
Arkansas Lottery may not be able to meet scholarship demands. The legislative committee that oversees the state lottery yesterday considered, but ultimately tabled, a proposal to recommend reducing lottery scholarship amounts by 10 percent for the second class of lottery recipients.
2009
Kansas Lottery raffle drawing is state's first. The Kansas Lottery held its first-ever raffle drawing today, creating one millionaire and several more happy, lucky lottery winners.
2009
Florida Lottery Raffle drawing crowns 9 new millionaires. One million Florida Lottery tickets had a shot at winning $1 million, and nine of those are officially chosen as the big winners.
2009
Idaho Lottery raffle made a millionaire tonight. The Idaho Lottery conducted its $1,000,000 Raffle drawing Wednesday evening, and created one instant millionaire.
2008
Ohio Lottery rings in the New Year with raffle. For four lucky Ohio lottery players, 2009 will begin with a windfall of one million dollars.
2008
Winning numbers chosen in Delaware Lottery's Raffle. The winning numbers for the Delaware Lottery's third annual Raffle game were selected in a special drawing today.
2008
Florida Lottery Raffle drawing crowns 9 new millionaires. One million Florida Lottery tickets had a shot at winning $1 million, and nine of those are officially chosen as the big winners.
2008
Idaho Lottery raffle made a millionaire tonight. The Idaho Lottery conducted its $1,000,000 Raffle drawing Tuesday evening, and created one instant millionaire.
2006
Georgia Lottery's Millionaire Raffle results drawn. The Georgia Lottery selected the winning numbers Sunday for its special "Millionaire Raffle" drawing.
2006
NJ Lottery New Year's raffle results drawn. The New Jersey Lottery selected the winning numbers Sunday for its special "Million Dollar New Year" drawing.
2003
Powerball Fact Sheet. Some interesting facts about tonight's estimated $210 million Powerball jackpot drawing.
2003
$155 million Mega Millions ticket sold in Ohio. The Ohio Lottery finally has a top-prize Mega Millions winner. Now the wait has begun to find out who will claim the biggest lottery prize ever in the state.
2003
New lotto game hurts Powerball. Cobos Supermarket Assistant Manager Elizabeth Torres would like to attribute the slow Powerball-buying traffic in her Sunland Park store to the holidays, but she knows that across the state line a larger reason loomed.
2003
Ticket sales spike for $210 million Powerball. While crowds fill Times Square to watch the ball drop tonight, Bobby Santamauro of West Haven, Connecticut will have his eye on a different ball -- a little red one with someone's lucky number on it.
2003
Dreamers, schemers line up for Powerball jackpot. The two buddies with whom Frank Martin used to play the lottery may have given up hope of ever hitting it big, but the 65-year-old Upper Darby resident says he's not about to throw in the towel anytime soon -- especially with tonight's Powerball drawing at $210 million.
2003
Lottery frenzy makes Rosenberg store a winner. A corner convenience store in Rosenberg, Texas that reigns as the lottery-selling champion in the Houston area was buzzing Tuesday, selling tickets to eager customers hoping to claim the biggest prize in the Mega Millions drawing since Texas joined the multistate lottery.

Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day

1.$460.9 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Jan 3, 2018
2.$425 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Jan 1, 2019
3.$361 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Jan 2, 2018
4.$355.8 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Jan 2, 2016
5.$242 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Dec 31, 2010
6.$221 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Dec 31, 2003
7.$220 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Jan 1, 2020
8.$188 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Jan 2, 2015
9.€128 Million
US$147.05 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Jan 1, 2019
10.€97 Million
US$133.52 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Dec 31, 2013
11.$130 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Jan 1, 2016
12.$120 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Dec 31, 2014
13.€88 Million
US$106.5 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Jan 6, 2006
14.$105 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Jan 3, 2017
15.€78 Million
US$102.47 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Jan 5, 2007
16.$100 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Jan 3, 2007
17.€84.96 Million
US$96.72 Million
Draw Date
Jan 3, 2019
18.€79.76 Million
US$96.11 Million
Draw Date
Jan 2, 2018
19.€90 Million
US$95.01 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Jan 6, 2017
20.$84 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Jan 2, 2007
21.$80 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Dec 31, 2008
22.€58 Million
US$75.59 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Jan 3, 2012
23.€68.62 Million
US$72.19 Million
Draw Date
Dec 31, 2016
24.£47.41 Million
US$70.04 Million
United Kingdom
Lotto
Draw Date
Jan 2, 2016
25.$70 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Dec 31, 2016

Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day

1987
Thursday, Dec 31, 1987
32 years old
1986
Wednesday, Dec 31, 1986
33 years old
1981
Thursday, Dec 31, 1981
38 years old
1972
Sunday, Dec 31, 1972
47 years old
1971
Friday, Dec 31, 1971
48 years old
1968
Tuesday, Dec 31, 1968
51 years old
1967
Sunday, Dec 31, 1967
52 years old
1965
Friday, Dec 31, 1965
54 years old
1958
Wednesday, Dec 31, 1958
61 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)

Worldwide Events On This Day

2018
39 people were killed after a 10-storey building in the Industrial Russian City of Magnitogorsk collapsed.
2015
A fire broke out at the Downtown Address Hotel in Downtown Dubai, United Arab Emirates located near the Burj Khalifa two hours before the fireworks display was due to commence. Sixteen injuries were reported; one had a heart attack, another suffered a major injury, and fourteen others with minor injuries.
2014
A New Year's Eve celebration stampede in Shanghai kills at least 36 people and injures 49 others.
2011
NASA succeeds in putting the first of two Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratorysatellites in orbit around the Moon.
2010
Tornadoes touch down in midwestern and southern United States, including Washington County, Arkansas; Greater St. Louis, Sunset Hills, Missouri, Illinois, and Oklahoma, with a few tornadoes in the early hours. A total 36 tornadoes touched down, resulting in the deaths of nine people and $113 million in damages.
2009
Both a blue moon and a lunar eclipse occur.
2004
The official opening of Taipei 101, the tallestskyscraper at that time in the world, standing at a height of 509 metres (1,670 ft).
2000
The last day of the 20th Century and 2nd Millennium.
1999
The first President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin, resigns from office, leaving Prime MinisterVladimir Putin as the acting President and successor.
1999
The United States Government hands control of the Panama Canal (as well all the adjacent land to the canal known as the Panama Canal Zone) to Panama. This act complied with the signing of the 1977 Torrijos-Carter Treaties.
1999
Indian Airlines Flight 814 hijacking ended after seven days with the release of 190 survivors at Kandahar Airport, Afghanistan.
1998
The European Exchange Rate Mechanism freezes the values of the legacy currencies in the Eurozone, and establishes the value of the euro currency.
1994
This date is skipped altogether in Kiribati as the Phoenix Islands and Line Islands change time zones from UTC−11:00 to UTC+13:00 and UTC−10:00 to UTC+14:00, respectively.
1994
The First Chechen War: Russian army began a New Year's storming of Grozny.
1992
Czechoslovakia is peacefully dissolved in what is dubbed by media as the Velvet Divorce, resulting in the creation of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
1991
All official Soviet Union institutions have ceased operations by this date five days after the Soviet Union is officially dissolved.
1986
Arson at the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico kills 97 people and injures 140.
1983
The AT&TBell System is broken up by the United States Government.
1983
Benjamin Ward is appointed New York City Police Department's first ever African American police commissioner.
1983
In Nigeria a coup d'état led by Major General Muhammadu Buhari ends the Second Nigerian Republic.
1981
A coup d'état in Ghana removes PresidentHilla Limann's PNPgovernment and replaces it with the Provisional National Defence Council led by Flight lieutenantJerry Rawlings.
1968
The first flight of the Tupolev Tu-144, the first civilian supersonic transport in the world.
1965
Jean-Bédel Bokassa, leader of the Central African Republic army, and his military officers begins a coup d'état against the government of PresidentDavid Dacko.
1963
The Central African Federation officially collapses, subsequently becoming Zambia, Malawi and Rhodesia.
1961
RTÉ, Ireland's state broadcaster, launches its first national television service.
1956
The Romanian Television network begins its first broadcast in Bucharest.
1955
General Motors becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over US$1 billion in a year.
1951
Cold War: The Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than US$13.3 billion in foreign aid to rebuild Western Europe.
1946
President Harry S. Truman officially proclaims the end of hostilities in World War II.
1944
World War II: Hungary declares war on Nazi Germany.
1944
World War II: Operation Nordwind, the last major German offensive on the Western Front begins.
1907
The first New Year's Eve celebration is held in Times Square (then known as Longacre Square) in Manhattan.
1906
Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar signs the Persian Constitution of 1906.
1879
Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time, in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
1878
Karl Benz, working in Mannheim, Germany, filed for a patent on his first reliable two-stroke gas engine, and he was granted the patent in 1879.
1862
American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln signs an act that admits West Virginia to the Union, thus dividing Virginia in two.
1862
American Civil War: The Battle of Stones River begins near Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
1857
Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, then a small logging town, as the capital of Canada.
1853
A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an iguanodon created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London, England.
1831
Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City.
1796
The incorporation of Baltimore as a city.
1790
Efimeris, the oldest Greek newspaper of which issues have survived till today, is published for the first time.
1775
American Revolutionary War: Battle of Quebec: British forces repulse an attack by Continental Army General Richard Montgomery.
1759
Arthur Guinness signs a 9,000 year lease at £45 per annum and starts brewing Guinness.
1757
Empress Elizabeth I of Russia issues her ukase incorporating Königsberg into Russia.
1687
The first Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope.
1660
James II of England is named Duke of Normandy by Louis XIV of France.
1600
The British East India Company is chartered.
1501
The First Battle of Cannanore commences.
1229
James I the Conqueror, King of Aragon enters Medina Mayurqa (now known as Palma, Spain) thus consummating the Christian reconquest of the island of Majorca.
1225
The Lý dynasty of Vietnam ends after 216 years by the enthronement of the boy emperor Trần Thái Tông, husband of the last Lý monarch, Lý Chiêu Hoàng, starting the Trần dynasty.
870
Battle of Englefield: The Vikings clash with ealdorman Æthelwulf of Berkshire. The invaders are driven back to Reading (East Anglia), many Danes are killed.
535
Byzantine general Belisarius completes the conquest of Sicily, defeating the Gothic garrison of Palermo (Panormos), and ending his consulship for the year.
406
Vandals, Alans and Suebianscross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gaul.

Births On This Day

1995
Gabby Douglas, American gymnast
1993
Ryan Blaney, American race car driver
1992
Amy Cure, Australian track cyclist
1992
Karl Kruuda, Estonian race car driver
1991
Bojana Jovanovski, Serbian tennis player
1991
Noelle Stevenson, American cartoonist
1990
Patrick Chan, Canadian figure skater
1989
Brian Gregan, Irish sprinter and athlete
1987
Javaris Crittenton, American basketball player
1987
Danny Holla, Dutch footballer
1987
Émilie Le Pennec, French gymnast
1987
Nemanja Nikolić, Hungarian footballer
1986
Nate Freiman, American baseball player
1986
Kade Snowden, Australian rugby league player
1985
Jonathan Horton, American gymnast
1985
Jan Smit, Dutch singer and television host
1984
Ben Hannant, Australian rugby league player
1984
Édgar Lugo, Mexican footballer
1984
Calvin Zola, Congolese footballer
1982
Julio DePaula, Dominican baseball player
1982
Craig Gordon, Scottish footballer
1982
Luke Schenscher, Australian basketball player
1982
The Rocket Summer, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1981
Jason Campbell, American football player
1981
Matthew Pavlich, Australian footballer
1981
Margaret Simpson, Ghanaian heptathlete
1981
Ricky Whittle, English actor
1980
Jesse Carlson, American baseball player
1980
Matt Cross, American wrestler
1980
Richie McCaw, New Zealand rugby player
1980
Carsten Schlangen, German runner
1979
Paul O'Neill, English race car driver
1979
Jeff Waldstreicher, American lawyer and politician
1977
Wardy Alfaro, Costa Rican footballer and coach
1977
Psy, South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and dancer
1977
Donald Trump, Jr., American businessman and son of billionaire Donald Trump
1976
Luís Carreira, Portuguese motorcycle racer (d. 2012)
1976
Matthew Hoggard, English cricketer
1975
Rami Alanko, Finnish ice hockey player
1975
Toni Kuivasto, Finnish footballer and coach
1975
Rob Penders, Dutch footballer
1975
Sander Schutgens, Dutch runner
1974
Joe Abercrombie, English author
1974
Mario Aerts, Belgian cyclist
1974
Tony Kanaan, Brazilian race car driver
1974
Ryan Sakoda, Japanese-American wrestler and trainer
1973
Shandon Anderson, American basketball player
1973
Malcolm Middleton, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
1973
Curtis Myden, Canadian swimmer
1972
Grégory Coupet, French footballer
1972
Joey McIntyre, American singer-songwriter and actor
1972
Scott Manley, Scottish YouTube personality
1971
Brent Barry, American basketball player and sportscaster
1971
Esteban Loaiza, Mexican baseball player
1970
Jorge Alberto da Costa Silva, Brazilian footballer
1970
Danny McNamara, English singer-songwriter
1970
Carlos Morales Quintana, Spanish-Danish architect and sailor
1970
Bryon Russell, American basketball player
1968
Gerry Dee, Canadian comedian, actor, and screenwriter
1968
Junot Diaz, Dominican-born American novelist, short story writer, and essayist
1967
Paul McGregor, Australian rugby league player and coach
1965
Tony Dorigo, Australian-English footballer and sportscaster
1965
Julie Doucet, Canadian cartoonist and author
1965
Gong Li, Chinese actress
1965
Laxman Sivaramakrishnan, Indian cricketer
1965
Nicholas Sparks, American author, screenwriter, and producer
1964
Winston Benjamin, Antiguan cricketer
1964
Michael McDonald, American comedian, actor, and director
1963
Scott Ian, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1962
Tyrone Corbin, American basketball player and coach
1962
Chris Hallam, English-Welsh swimmer and wheelchair racer (d. 2013)
1962
Jennifer Higdon, American composer
1961
Rick Aguilera, American baseball player and coach
1961
Jeremy Heywood, English economist and civil servant (d. 2018)
1960
Steve Bruce, English footballer and manager
1959
Liveris Andritsos, Greek basketball player
1959
Val Kilmer, American actor
1959
Phill Kline, American lawyer and politician, Kansas Attorney General
1959
Baron Waqa, Nauruan composer and politician, 14th President of Nauru
1959
Paul Westerberg, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1958
Geoff Marsh, Australian cricketer and coach
1958
Bebe Neuwirth, American actress and dancer
1956
Robert Goodwill, English farmer and politician
1956
Helma Knorscheidt, German shot putter
1956
Steve Rude, American author and illustrator
1954
Alex Salmond, Scottish economist and politician, 4th First Minister of Scotland
1954
Hermann Tilke, German race car driver and engineer
1953
Jane Badler, American actress
1952
Vaughan Jones, New Zealand mathematician and academic
1952
Jean-Pierre Rives, French rugby player, painter, and sculptor
1951
Tom Hamilton, American bass player and songwriter
1951
Kenny Roberts, American motorcycle racer
1950
Phil Blakeway, Welsh-English rugby player
1950
Bob Gilder, American golfer
1950
Inge Helten, German sprinter
1950
Cheryl Womack, American businesswoman
1949
Ellen Datlow, American anthologist and author
1949
Flora Gomes, Bissau-Guinean filmmaker
1949
Susan Shwartz, American author
1948
Joe Dallesandro, American actor
1948
Sandy Jardine, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 2014)
1948
René Robert, Canadian ice hockey player
1948
Donna Summer, American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
1947
Burton Cummings, Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
1947
Rita Lee, Brazilian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
1947
Tim Matheson, American actor, director, and producer
1946
Roy Greenslade, English journalist and academic
1946
Bryan Hamilton, Northern Irish footballer and coach
1946
Raphael Kaplinsky, South African international development academic
1946
Pius Ncube, Zimbabwean archbishop
1946
Lyudmila Pakhomova, Russian ice dancer (d. 1986)
1946
Cliff Richey, American tennis player
1946
Eric Robson, Scottish journalist and author
1946
Nigel Rudd, English businessman, founded Williams Holdings
1946
Tim Stevens, English bishop
1946
Diane von Fürstenberg, Belgian-American fashion designer
1945
Connie Willis, American author
1944
Taylor Hackford, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1943
John Denver, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1997)
1943
Ben Kingsley, English actor
1943
Pete Quaife, English bass player, author, and artist (d. 2010)
1942
Andy Summers, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
1941
Alex Ferguson, Scottish footballer and manager
1941
Sarah Miles, English actress
1940
Mani Neumeier, German drummer
1939
Willye White, American sprinter and long jumper (d. 2007)
1938
Rosalind Cash, American singer and actress (d. 1995)
1938
Atje Keulen-Deelstra, Dutch speed skater (d. 2013)
1937
Avram Hershko, Hungarian-Israeli biochemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate
1937
Anthony Hopkins, Welsh actor, director, and composer
1937
Barry Hughes, Welsh footballer and manager
1937
Tess Jaray, Austrian-English painter and educator
1935
Salman of Saudi Arabia, King of Saudi Arabia
1934
Ameer Muhammad Akram Awan, Indian author, poet, and scholar (d. 2017)
1933
Edward Bunker, American author, screenwriter, and actor (d. 2005)
1932
Don James, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
1932
Felix Rexhausen, German journalist and author (d. 1992)
1931
Bob Shaw, Northern Irish journalist and author (d. 1996)
1930
Odetta, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (d. 2008)
1930
Jaime Escalante, Bolivian-American educator (d. 2010)
1929
Mies Bouwman, Dutch television host (d. 2018)
1929
Peter May, English cricketer (d. 1994)
1928
Ross Barbour, American pop singer (d. 2011)
1928
Tatyana Shmyga, Russian actress and singer (d. 2011)
1928
Siné, French cartoonist (d. 2016)
1928
Veijo Meri, Finnish author and translator (d. 2015)
1926
Valerie Pearl, English historian and academic (d. 2016)
1926
Billy Snedden, Australian lawyer and politician, 17th Attorney-General for Australia (d. 1987)
1925
Irina Korschunow, German author and screenwriter (d. 2013)
1925
Sri Lal Sukla, Indian author (d. 2011)
1925
Daphne Oram, British composer and electronic musician (d. 2003)
1924
Taylor Mead, American actor and poet (d. 2013)
1923
Giannis Dalianidis, Greek actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
1922
Tomás Balduino, Brazilian bishop (d. 2014)
1922
Halina Czerny-Stefańska, Polish pianist and educator (d. 2001)
1922
Luis Zuloaga, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2013)
1920
Rex Allen, American actor and singer-songwriter (d. 1999)
1919
Tommy Byrne, American baseball player, coach, and politician (d. 2007)
1919
Carmen Contreras-Bozak, Puerto Rican-American soldier (d. 2017)
1918
Ray Graves, American football player and coach (d. 2015)
1917
Evelyn Knight, American singer (d. 2007)
1917
Wilfrid Noyce, English mountaineer and author (d. 1962)
1915
Sam Ragan, American journalist, author, and poet (d. 1996)
1914
Mary Logan Reddick, American neuroembryologist (d. 1966)
1912
John Frost, Indian-English general (d. 1993)
1911
Dal Stivens, Australian soldier and author (d. 1997)
1910
Carl Dudley, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
1910
Enrique Maier, Spanish tennis player (d. 1981)
1909
Jonah Jones, American trumpet player and saxophonist (d. 2000)
1908
Simon Wiesenthal, Ukrainian-Austrian nazi hunter and author (d. 2005)
1905
Helen Dodson Prince, American astronomer and academic (d. 2002)
1905
Jule Styne, English-American composer (d. 1994)
1904
William Heynes, English engineer (d. 1989)
1902
Lionel Daunais, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 1982)
1902
Roy Goodall, English footballer (d. 1982)
1901
Nikos Ploumpidis, Greek educator and politician (d. 1954)
1899
Silvestre Revueltas, Mexican violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1940)
1885
Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1970)
1884
Bobby Byrne, American baseball and soccer player (d. 1964)
1884
Mihály Fekete, Hungarian actor, screenwriter, and film director (d. 1960)
1881
Max Pechstein, German painter and academic (d. 1955)
1880
Fred Beebe, American baseball player and coach (d. 1957)
1880
George Marshall, American general and politician, 50th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
1878
Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc. (d. 1966)
1878
Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan-Argentinian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1937)
1877
Lawrence Beesley, English journalist and author (d. 1967)
1874
Julius Meier, American businessman and politician, 20th Governor of Oregon (d. 1937)
1873
Konstantin Konik, Estonian surgeon and politician, 19th Estonian Minister of Education (d. 1936)
1872
Fred Marriott, American race car driver (d. 1956)
1869
Henri Matisse, French painter and sculptor (d. 1954)
1864
Robert Grant Aitken, American astronomer and academic (d. 1951)
1860
Joseph S. Cullinan, American businessman, co-founded Texaco (d. 1937)
1857
King Kelly, American baseball player and manager (d. 1894)
1855
Giovanni Pascoli, Italian poet and scholar (d. 1912)
1851
Henry Carter Adams, American economist and academic (d. 1921)
1842
Giovanni Boldini, Italian painter (d. 1931)
1838
Émile Loubet, French lawyer and politician, 7th President of France (d. 1929)
1834
Queen Kapiolani of Hawaii (d. 1899)
1833
Hugh Nelson Scottish-Australian politician, 11th Premier of Queensland (d. 1906)
1830
Isma'il Pasha, Egyptian ruler (d. 1895)
1830
Alexander Smith, Scottish poet and critic (d. 1867)
1815
George Meade, American general and engineer (d. 1872)
1805
Marie d'Agoult, German-French historian and author (d. 1876)
1798
Friedrich Robert Faehlmann, Estonian physician, philologist, and academic (d. 1850)
1776
Johann Spurzheim, German-American physician and phrenologist (d. 1832)
1763
Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (d. 1806)
1741
Gottfried August Bürger, German poet and academic (d. 1794)
1738
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, English general and politician, 3rd Governor-General of India (d. 1805)
1720
Charles Edward Stuart, Scottish claimant to the throne of England (d. 1788)
1714
Arima Yoriyuki, Japanese mathematician and educator (d. 1783)
1668
Herman Boerhaave, Dutch botanist and physician (d. 1738)
1585
Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general and politician, 24th Governor of the Duchy of Milan (d. 1645)
1572
Emperor Go-Yōzei of Japan, (d. 1617)
1552
Simon Forman, English occultist and astrologer (d. 1611)
1550
Henry I, Duke of Guise (d. 1588)
1539
John Radcliffe, English politician (d. 1568)
1514
Andreas Vesalius, Belgian anatomist, physician, and author (d. 1564)
1504
Beatrice of Portugal, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1538)
1493
Eleonora Gonzaga, Duchess of Urbino (d. 1570)
1491
Jacques Cartier, French navigator and explorer (d. 1557)
1378
Pope Callixtus III (d. 1458)
695
Muhammad bin Qasim, Syrian general (d. 715)

Deaths On This Day

2018
Kader Khan, Indian actor (b. 1937)
2016
William Christopher, American actor (b. 1932)
2015
Natalie Cole, American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1950)
2015
Marvin Panch, American race car driver (b. 1926)
2015
Wayne Rogers, American actor and investor (b. 1933)
2015
Beth Howland, American actress (b. 1941)
2014
Edward Herrmann, American actor (b. 1943)
2014
Abdullah Hussain, Malaysian author (b. 1920)
2014
Norm Phelps, American author and activist (b. 1939)
2014
S. Arthur Spiegel, American captain, lawyer, and judge (b. 1920)
2014
Valerian Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington, British soldier and politician (b. 1915)
2013
James Avery, American actor (b. 1945)
2013
Roberto Ciotti, Italian guitarist and composer (b. 1953)
2013
Bob Grant, American radio host (b. 1929)
2013
Irina Korschunow, German author and screenwriter (b. 1925)
2012
Peter Ebert, English director and producer (b. 1918)
2012
Tarak Mekki, Tunisian businessman and politician (b. 1958)
2012
Jovette Marchessault, Canadian author and playwright (b. 1938)
2012
Günter Rössler, German photographer and journalist (b. 1926)
2010
Raymond Impanis, Belgian cyclist (b. 1925)
2010
Per Oscarsson, Swedish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1927)
2009
Cahal Daly, Irish cardinal and philosopher (b. 1917)
2009
Justin Keating, Irish surgeon, journalist, and politician, Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation (b. 1930)
2008
Donald E. Westlake, American author and screenwriter (b. 1933)
2007
Roy Amara, American scientific researcher (b. 1925)
2007
Michael Goldberg, American painter and educator (b. 1924)
2007
Bill Idelson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1919)
2007
Milton L. Klein, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1910)
2007
Ettore Sottsass, Austrian-Italian architect and designer (b. 1917)
2006
Seymour Martin Lipset, American sociologist, author, and academic (b. 1922)
2006
George Sisler, Jr., American businessman (b. 1917)
2005
Enrico Di Giuseppe, American tenor and educator (b. 1932)
2005
Phillip Whitehead, English screenwriter, producer, and politician (b. 1937)
2004
Gérard Debreu, French economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)
2003
Arthur R. von Hippel German-American physicist and author (b. 1898)
2002
Kevin MacMichael, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1951)
2001
Eileen Heckart, American actress (b. 1919)
2000
Alan Cranston, American journalist and politician (b. 1914)
2000
José Greco, Italian-American dancer and choreographer (b. 1918)
2000
Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane, American-Israeli rabbi and scholar (b. 1966)
1999
Elliot Richardson, American lawyer and politician, 69th United States Attorney General (b. 1920)
1998
Ted Glossop, Australian rugby league player and coach (b. 1934)
1997
Floyd Cramer, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1933)
1997
Billie Dove, American actress (b. 1903)
1996
Wesley Addy, American actor (b. 1913)
1994
Woody Strode, American football player, wrestler, and actor (b. 1914)
1993
Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Georgian anthropologist and politician, 1st President of Georgia (b. 1939)
1993
Brandon Teena, American murder victim (b. 1972)
1990
George Allen, American football player and coach (b. 1918)
1990
Vasily Lazarev, Russian physician, colonel, and astronaut (b. 1928)
1990
Giovanni Michelucci, Italian architect and urban planner, designed the Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station (b. 1891)
1988
Nicolas Calas, Greek-American poet and critic (b. 1907)
1987
Jerry Turner, American journalist (b. 1929)
1985
Ricky Nelson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1940)
1983
Sevim Burak, Turkish author and playwright (b. 1931)
1980
Marshall McLuhan, Canadian philosopher and theorist (b. 1911)
1980
Raoul Walsh, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1887)
1978
Basil Wolverton, American illustrator (b. 1909)
1972
Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and Marine (b. 1934)
1972
Henry Gerber, German-American activist, founded the Society for Human Rights (b. 1892)
1970
Cyril Scott, English composer, writer, and poet (b. 1879)
1968
George Lewis, American clarinet player and composer (b. 1900)
1964
Bobby Byrne, American baseball and soccer player (b. 1884)
1964
Ólafur Thors, Icelandic lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1892)
1964
Henry Maitland Wilson, English field marshal (b. 1881)
1953
Albert Plesman, Dutch businessman, founded KLM (b. 1889)
1950
Charles Koechlin, French composer and educator (b. 1867)
1949
Rıza Tevfik Bölükbaşı, Turkish philosopher, poet, and politician (b. 1869)
1949
Raimond Valgre, Estonian pianist and composer (b. 1913)
1948
Malcolm Campbell, English race car driver and journalist (b. 1885)
1936
Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish philosopher, author, and poet (b. 1864)
1921
Boies Penrose, American lawyer and politician (b. 1860)
1910
Archibald Hoxsey, American pilot (b. 1884)
1910
John Moisant, American pilot and engineer (b. 1868)
1909
Spencer Trask, American financier and philanthropist (b. 1844)
1894
Thomas Joannes Stieltjes, Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1856)
1891
Samuel Ajayi Crowther, Nigerian bishop and linguist (b. 1809)
1890
Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican soldier (b. 1826)
1889
Ion Creangă, Romanian author and educator (b. 1837)
1889
George Kerferd, English-Australian politician, 10th Premier of Victoria (b. 1831)
1888
Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi and scholar (b. 1808)
1877
Gustave Courbet, French-Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1819)
1876
Catherine Labouré, French nun and saint (b. 1806)
1872
Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author and playwright (b. 1834)
1818
Jean-Pierre Duport, French cellist (b. 1741)
1799
Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and author (b. 1723)
1775
Richard Montgomery, American general (b. 1738)
1742
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine (b. 1661)
1730
Carlo Gimach, Maltese architect, engineer and poet (b. 1651)
1719
John Flamsteed, English astronomer and academic (b. 1646)
1705
Catherine of Braganza (b. 1638)
1691
Robert Boyle, Irish chemist and physicist (b. 1627)
1691
Dudley North, English merchant and economist (b. 1641)
1679
Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (b. 1608)
1673
Oliver St John, English judge and politician, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (b. 1598)
1655
Janusz Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian politician (b. 1612)
1650
Dorgon, Chinese emperor (b. 1612)
1610
Ludolph van Ceulen, German-Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1540)
1583
Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologian (b. 1524)
1575
Pierino Belli, Italian commander and jurist (b. 1502)
1568
Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese daimyō (b. 1493)
1535
William Skeffington, English-Irish politician, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1465)
1510
Bianca Maria Sforza, Holy Roman Empress (b. 1472)
1460
Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, English politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (b. 1400)
1439
Margaret Holland, English noblewoman (b. 1385)
1426
Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter (b. 1377)
1386
Johanna of Bavaria, Queen of Bohemia (b. c. 1362)
1384
John Wycliffe, English philosopher, theologian, and translator (b. 1331)
1302
Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1238)
1299
Margaret, Countess of Anjou (b. 1273)
1298
Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, English politician, Lord High Constable of England (b. 1249)
1194
Leopold V, Duke of Austria (b. 1157)
1164
Ottokar III of Styria (b. 1124)
878
Seiwa, Japanese emperor (b. 850)
669
Li Shiji, Chinese general (b. 594)
335
Pope Sylvester I
192
Commodus, Roman emperor (b. 161)
45 BC
Quintus Fabius Maximus, consul suffectus

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