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On This Day in History:  April 1

April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 274 days remain until the end of the year.

Lottery News On This Day

2020
Ireland Lottery releasing €16 million in unclaimed funds to help battle against COVID-19. Unclaimed Ireland Lottery funds of €16 million (US$17.5 million) are being rapidly released to help battle coronavirus.
2019
Florida Lottery will go offline for systems upgrade on April 15. Florida Lottery officials say they don't anticipate problems as a multimillion-dollar upgrade of a vending system goes into place this month.
2019
Washington Lotto ticket generated with two identical quick picks. Mitch Tracy beat the odds with a recent lottery ticket, but it didn't turn him into a millionaire.
2016
MUSL seeks to dismiss lawsuit over rigged jackpot. A group of state lotteries has asked a judge to dismiss a lawsuit filed by a jackpot winner who argues he was shortchanged by millions of dollars because the prior drawing was rigged by one of its employees.
2015
Texas couple both dead after argument over $500 lottery ticket win. A winning scratch-off lottery ticket worth $500 prompted an argument between a couple in their Fort Worth, Texas, home that ended with both dying of gunshot wounds, officials said on Tuesday.
2011
Canada lotteries hold nationwide raffle draw. Lottery players across Canada this morning are checking their Millionaire Life raffle tickets to see if they will be set for life, or perhaps win a new set of wheels.
2010
Lottery winner gives away millions. Cynthia Stafford, an active practitioner of?visualization and meditation techniques, won a $112 million lottery jackpot, and then set out to help others.
2006
Mega Millions lottery jackpot leaps to $138 million. The jackpot in the multi-state Mega Millions lottery has grown to $138 million, the largest Mega Millions jackpot in a month.
2005
Store owners sell themselves $25.5 million Powerball lottery ticket. The Hubbard family is not only the first to buy a ticket in Tennessee and win the Powerball lottery jackpot, but also were rewarded for selling themselves the ticket.
2005
Fortune cookie fuels record Powerball wins. A record 110 players won $500,000 and $100,000 prizes in Wednesday's Powerball drawing, most of whom apparently used the numbers included in a fortune-cookie message.
2004
Record Mega Millions lottery jackpot claimed by retired truck driver. Retired truck driver J.R. Triplett is on Easy Street: He stepped forward Thursday to claim a $239 million Mega Millions lottery prize, the second-biggest undivided jackpot in U.S. history.
2004
Virginia hoping the joke's not on them. Virginia Lottery officials said yesterday that they believe that the winner of last month's $239 million prize has finally, through a lawyer, come forward and is expected to provide the winning Mega Millions ticket for confirmation today. On the other hand, maybe someone is playing the ultimate April Fools' joke.

Top 25 Lottery Jackpots On This Day

1.$187 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2011
2.$170 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 1, 2020
3.$160 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 2, 1999
4.$152 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 1, 2006
5.€122.93 Million
US$151.04 Million
Draw Date
Apr 3, 2018
6.€129.21 Million
US$144.75 Million
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2019
7.$138 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 4, 2006
8.$135 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2016
8.$135 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 1, 2008
10.$121 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 3, 2020
11.$109 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 1, 2009
12.$103 Million
Multi-State
Powerball
Draw Date
Apr 3, 2010
13.€90 Million
US$99.23 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Apr 3, 2020
14.CA$125 Million
US$95.65 Million
Multi-Province
Canada Super 7
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2004
15.$92 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2002
16.$88 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 3, 2007
16.$88 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2019
18.€67 Million
US$82.32 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Apr 3, 2018
19.€57.28 Million
US$78.49 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Apr 4, 2014
20.$77 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 4, 1997
21.€72 Million
US$76.41 Million
Multi-Country
EuroJackpot
Draw Date
Apr 7, 2017
22.$75 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2004
22.$75 Million
Multi-State
Mega Millions
Draw Date
Apr 1, 2005
24.€64.76 Million
US$73.79 Million
Draw Date
Apr 2, 2016
25.€68 Million
US$72.52 Million
Multi-Country
Euro Millions
Draw Date
Apr 4, 2017

Lottery Post Member Birthdays On This Day

1990
Sunday, Apr 1, 1990
30 years old
1986
Tuesday, Apr 1, 1986
34 years old
1986
Tuesday, Apr 1, 1986
34 years old
1986
Tuesday, Apr 1, 1986
34 years old
1981
Wednesday, Apr 1, 1981
39 years old
1977
Friday, Apr 1, 1977
43 years old
1975
Tuesday, Apr 1, 1975
45 years old
1973
Sunday, Apr 1, 1973
47 years old
1973
Sunday, Apr 1, 1973
47 years old
1970
Wednesday, Apr 1, 1970
50 years old
1968
Monday, Apr 1, 1968
52 years old
1960
Friday, Apr 1, 1960
60 years old
1960
Friday, Apr 1, 1960
60 years old
1958
Tuesday, Apr 1, 1958
62 years old
(year not provided)
(year not provided)

Worldwide Events On This Day

2016
Nagorno-Karabakh clashes: The Four Day War or April War, began along the Nagorno-Karabakh line of contact on April 1.
2011
After protests against the burning of the Quran turn violent, a mob attacks a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan, resulting in the deaths of thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.
2006
Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) of the Government of the United Kingdom is enforced, but later merged into National Crime Agency on 7 October 2013.
2004
Google announces Gmail to the public.
2001
An EP-3EUnited States Navysurveillance aircraftcollides with a Chinese People's Liberation ArmyShenyang J-8fighter jet. The Navy crew makes an emergency landing in Hainan, China and is detained.
2001
Former President of Federal Republic of YugoslaviaSlobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on war crimes charges.
2001
Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the Netherlands, the first contemporary country to allow it.
1999
Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.
1997
Comet Hale-Bopp is seen passing at perihelion.
1996
The government of Nova Scotiaamalgamated the City of Halifax and the over 200 communities around the area to create the Halifax Regional Municipality.
1989
Margaret Thatcher's new local government tax, the Community Charge (commonly known as the "poll tax"), is introduced in Scotland.
1986
Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal) cadres attack a number of police stations in Kathmandu, seeking to incite a popular rebellion.
1979
Iran becomes an Islamic republicby a 99% vote, officially overthrowing the Shah.
1978
The Philippine College of Commerce, through a presidential decree, becomes the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
1976
Apple Inc. is formed by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in Cupertino, California, USA.
1974
The Local Government Act 1972 of England and Wales comes into effect.
1973
Project Tiger, a tiger conservation project, is launched in the Jim Corbett National Park, India.
1971
Bangladesh Liberation War: The Pakistan Armymassacre over 1,000 people in Keraniganj Upazila, Bangladesh.
1970
President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring the Surgeon General's warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertising on television and radio in the United States, effective 1 January 1971.
1970
The first of over 670,000 AMC Gremlins were released into North America to compete with foreign imported cars.
1969
The Hawker Siddeley Harrier, the first operational fighter aircraft with Vertical/Short Takeoff and Landing capabilities, entered service with the Royal Air Force.
1963
General Hospital premieres on ABC television network in USA.
1960
The TIROS-1satellite transmits the first television picture from space.
1955
The EOKA rebellion against the British Empire begins in Cyprus, with the goal of unifying with Greece.
1954
United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.
1949
Chinese Civil War: The Chinese Communist Party holds unsuccessful peace talks with the Nationalist Party in Beijing, after three years of fighting.
1949
The Government of Canada repeals Japanese-Canadian internment after seven years.
1948
Cold War: Communist forces respond to the introduction of the Deutsche Mark by attempting to force the western powers to withdraw from Berlin.
1948
Faroe Islands gain autonomy from Denmark.
1947
The only mutiny in the history of the Royal New Zealand Navy begins.
1946
The 8.6 MwAleutian Islands earthquake shakes the Aleutian Islands with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). A destructive tsunami reaches the Hawaiian Islands resulting in dozens of deaths, mostly in Hilo, Hawaii.
1945
World War II: The Tenth United States Armyattacks the Thirty-Second Japanese Army on Okinawa.
1944
Navigation errors lead to an accidental American bombing of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen.
1941
Fântâna Albă massacre: Between 200 and 2,000 Romanian civilians are killed by Soviet Border Troops.
1941
A military coup in Iraq overthrows the regime of 'Abd al-Ilah and installs Rashid Ali al-Gaylani as Prime Minister.
1939
Spanish Civil War: GeneralísimoFrancisco Franco of the Spanish State announces the end of the Spanish Civil War, when the last of the Republican forces surrender.
1937
Aden becomes a British crown colony.
1937
The Royal New Zealand Air Force is formed as an independent service.
1937
Spanish Civil War: Jaén, Spain is bombed by German fascist forces, supporting Francoist Nationalists.
1935
India's central banking institution, The Reserve Bank of India is formed.
1933
The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany, ushering in a series of anti-Semitic acts.
1933
English cricketerWally Hammond set a record for the highest individual Test innings of 336 not out, during a Test match against New Zealand.
1924
Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years imprisonment for his participation in the "Beer Hall Putsch" but spends only nine months in jail.
1924
The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
1918
The Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
1908
The Territorial Force (renamed Territorial Army in 1920) is formed as a volunteer reserve component of the British Army.
1893
The rank of Chief Petty Officer in the United States Navy is established.
1891
The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1889
The University of Northern Colorado was established, as the Colorado State Normal School.
1873
The White Star steamer RMS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing 547 in one of the worst marine disasters of the 19th century.
1871
The 3rd Duke of Buckingham opened the Brill Tramway, a short railway line to transport goods between his lands and the national rail network.
1867
Singapore becomes a British crown colony.
1865
American Civil War: Union troops led by Philip Sheridan decisively defeat Confederate troops led by George Pickett, cutting the Army of Northern Virginia's last supply line.
1854
Charles Dickens' novel Hard Times begins serialisation in his magazine Household Words.
1833
The Convention of 1833, a political gathering of settlers in Mexican Texas to help draft a series of petitions to the Mexican government, begins in San Felipe de Austin
1826
Samuel Morey received a patent for a compressionless "Gas or Vapor Engine".
1789
In New York City, the United States House of Representatives achieves its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first Speaker.
1625
A combined Spanish and Portuguese fleet of 52 ships commences the recapture of Bahia from the Dutch during the Dutch-Portuguese War.
1572
In the Eighty Years' War, the Watergeuzencapture Brielle from the Seventeen Provinces, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
1545
Potosí, Bolivia, is founded after the discovery of huge silver deposits in the area.
1340
Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
1318
Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by Scotland from England.
1293
Robert Winchelsey leaves England for Rome, to be consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.
1234
Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, was defeated by knights loyal to King Henry III of England in the Battle of the Curragh in Ireland.
988
Robert II of France is married to Rozala of Italy. The marriage is arranged by his father, King Hugh Capet.
528
The daughter of Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei was made the "Emperor" as a male heir of the late emperor by Empress Dowager Hu. Deposed and replaced by Yuan Zhao the next day, she was the first female monarch in the History of China, but is not widely recognised.
527
Byzantine EmperorJustin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne.
457
Majorian is acclaimed emperor by the Roman army after defeating 900 Alemanni near Lake Maggiore (Italy).
325
Crown Prince Jin Chengdi, age 4, succeeds his father Jin Mingdi as emperor of the Eastern Jin dynasty.
286
Emperor Diocletian elevates his general Maximian to co-emperor with the rank of Augustus and gives him control over the Western regions of the Roman Empire.

Births On This Day

1997
Álex Palou, Spanish racing driver
1997
Asa Butterfield, English actor
1995
Logan Paul, American Youtuber and actor
1992
Deng Linlin, Chinese gymnast
1990
Julia Fischer, German discus thrower
1989
Jan Blokhuijsen, Dutch speed skater
1989
David N'Gog, French footballer
1989
Christian Vietoris, German racing driver
1988
Brook Lopez, American basketball player
1988
Robin Lopez, American basketball player
1987
Gianluca Musacci, Italian footballer
1987
Oliver Turvey, English racing driver
1986
Hillary Scott, American country singer-songwriter
1985
Daniel Murphy, American baseball player
1985
Beth Tweddle, English gymnast
1984
Gilberto Macena, Brazilian footballer
1983
Ólafur Ingi Skúlason, Icelandic footballer
1983
Sean Taylor, American football player (d. 2007)
1982
Taran Killam, American actor, voice artist, comedian, and writer
1982
Andreas Thorkildsen, Norwegian javelin thrower
1981
Antonis Fotsis, Greek basketball player
1981
Bjørn Einar Romøren, Norwegian ski jumper
1980
Dennis Kruppke, German footballer
1980
Randy Orton, American wrestler
1980
Bijou Phillips, American actress and model
1979
Ruth Beitia, Spanish high jumper
1978
Antonio de Nigris, Mexican footballer (d. 2009)
1978
Mirka Federer, Slovak-Swiss tennis player
1978
Anamaria Marinca, Romanian-English actress
1978
Etan Thomas, American basketball player
1977
Vitor Belfort, Brazilian-American boxer and mixed martial artist
1977
Haimar Zubeldia, Spanish cyclist
1976
Hazem El Masri, Lebanese-Australian rugby league player and educator
1976
David Gilliland, American race car driver
1976
David Oyelowo, English actor
1976
Clarence Seedorf, Dutch-Brazilian footballer and manager
1976
Yuka Yoshida, Japanese tennis player
1975
John Butler, American-Australian singer-songwriter and producer
1975
Magdalena Maleeva, Bulgarian tennis player
1974
Hugo Ibarra, Argentinian footballer and manager
1973
Christian Finnegan, American comedian and actor
1973
Stephen Fleming, New Zealand cricketer and coach
1973
Rachel Maddow, American journalist and author
1972
Darren McCarty, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
1972
Jesse Tobias, American guitarist and songwriter
1971
Sonia Bisset, Cuban javelin thrower
1971
Shinji Nakano, Japanese racing driver
1970
Brad Meltzer, American author, screenwriter, and producer
1969
Lev Lobodin, Ukrainian-Russian decathlete
1969
Andrew Vlahov, Australian basketball player
1969
Dean Windass, English footballer and manager
1968
Mike Baird, Australian politician, 44th Premier of New South Wales
1968
Andreas Schnaas, German actor and director
1968
Alexander Stubb, Finnish academic and politician, 43rd Prime Minister of Finland
1967
Nicola Roxon, Australian lawyer and politician, 34th Attorney-General for Australia
1966
Chris Evans, English radio and television host
1966
Mehmet Özdilek, Turkish footballer and manager
1965
Jane Adams, American film, television, and stage actress
1965
Mark Jackson, American basketball player and coach
1964
Erik Breukink, Dutch cyclist and manager
1964
Kevin Duckworth, American basketball player (d. 2008)
1964
John Morris, English cricketer
1964
José Rodrigues dos Santos, Portuguese journalist, author, and educator
1963
Teodoro de Villa Diaz, Filipino guitarist and songwriter (d. 1988)
1963
Aprille Ericsson-Jackson, American aerospace engineer
1962
Mark Shulman, American author
1962
Chris Grayling, English journalist and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
1962
Samboy Lim, Filipino basketball player and manager
1962
Phillip Schofield, English television host
1961
Susan Boyle, Scottish singer
1961
Sergio Scariolo, Italian professional basketball head coach
1961
Mark White, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1959
Helmuth Duckadam, Romanian footballer
1958
D. Boon, American singer and musician (d. 1985)
1957
David Gower, English cricketer and sportscaster
1955
Don Hasselbeck, American football player and sportscaster
1955
Humayun Akhtar Khan, Pakistani politician, 5th Commerce Minister of Pakistan
1955
Terry Nichols, American criminal
1954
Jeff Porcaro, American drummer, songwriter, and producer (d. 1992)
1953
Barry Sonnenfeld, American cinematographer, director, and producer
1953
Alberto Zaccheroni, Italian footballer and manager
1952
Annette O'Toole, American actress
1952
Bernard Stiegler, French philosopher and academic
1951
John Abizaid, American general
1951
Frederic Schwartz, American architect, co-designed Empty Sky (d. 2014)
1950
Samuel Alito, American lawyer and jurist
1950
Loris Kessel, Swiss racing driver (d. 2010)
1950
Daniel Paillé, Canadian academic and politician
1949
Gérard Mestrallet, French businessman
1949
Paul Manafort, American Lobbyist
1949
Sammy Nelson, Northern Irish footballer and coach
1949
Gil Scott-Heron, American singer-songwriter and author (d. 2011)
1948
Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican singer and musician
1948
Javier Irureta, Spanish footballer and manager
1947
Alain Connes, French mathematician and academic
1947
Philippe Kirsch, Canadian lawyer and judge
1947
Francine Prose, American novelist, short story writer, and critic
1947
Norm Van Lier, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster (d. 2009)
1946
Nikitas Kaklamanis, Greek academic and politician, Greek Minister of Health and Social Security
1946
Ronnie Lane, English bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 1997)
1946
Arrigo Sacchi, Italian footballer, coach, and manager
1943
Dafydd Wigley, Welsh academic and politician
1942
Samuel R. Delany, American author and critic
1942
Richard D. Wolff, American economist and academic
1941
Gideon Gadot, Israeli journalist and politician (d. 2012)
1941
Ajit Wadekar, Indian cricketer, coach, and manager (d. 2018)
1940
Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
1939
Ali MacGraw, American model and actress
1939
Phil Niekro, American baseball player and manager
1936
Peter Collinson, English-American director and producer (d. 1980)
1936
Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, Swiss politician, 80th President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1998)
1936
Tarun Gogoi, Indian politician, 14th Chief Minister of Assam
1936
Abdul Qadeer Khan, Indian-Pakistani physicist, chemist, and engineer
1935
Larry McDonald, American physician and politician (d. 1983)
1934
Vladimir Posner, French-American journalist and radio host
1933
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, Algerian-French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1933
Dan Flavin, American sculptor and educator (d. 1996)
1932
Debbie Reynolds, Scottish-Irish American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2016)
1931
George Baker, Bulgarian-English actor and screenwriter (d. 2011)
1931
Rolf Hochhuth, German author and playwright
1930
Grace Lee Whitney, American actress and singer (d. 2015)
1929
Jonathan Haze, American actor, producer, screenwriter, and production manager
1929
Milan Kundera, Czech-born novelist, poet, and playwright
1929
Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator and director (d. 2010)
1929
Jane Powell, American actress, singer, and dancer
1927
Walter Bahr, American soccer player, coach, and manager (d. 2018)
1927
Amos Milburn, American R&B singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1980)
1927
Ferenc Puskás, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 2006)
1926
Anne McCaffrey, American-Irish author (d. 2011)
1924
Brendan Byrne, American lieutenant, judge, and politician, 47th Governor of New Jersey (d. 2018)
1922
Duke Jordan, American pianist and composer (d. 2006)
1922
William Manchester, American historian and author (d. 2004)
1921
William Bergsma, American composer and educator (d. 1994)
1921
Arthur "Guitar Boogie" Smith, American guitarist, fiddler, and composer (d. 2014)
1920
Toshiro Mifune, Japanese actor (d. 1997)
1919
Joseph Murray, American surgeon and soldier, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)
1917
Sydney Newman, Canadian screenwriter and producer, co-created Doctor Who (d. 1997)
1917
Melville Shavelson, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
1916
Sheila May Edmonds, British mathematician (d. 2002)
1915
O. W. Fischer, Austrian-Swiss actor and director (d. 2004)
1913
Memos Makris, Greek sculptor (d. 1993)
1911
Augusta Braxton Baker, African American librarian (d. 1998)
1910
Harry Carney, American saxophonist and clarinet player (d. 1974)
1910
Bob Van Osdel, American high jumper and soldier (d. 1987)
1909
Abner Biberman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1977)
1909
Eddy Duchin, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1951)
1908
Abraham Maslow, American psychologist and academic (d. 1970)
1908
Harlow Rothert, American shot putter, lawyer, and academic (d. 1997)
1907
Shivakumara Swami, Indian religious leader and philanthropist (d. 2019)
1906
Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev, Russian engineer, founded the Yakovlev Design Bureau (d. 1989)
1905
Gaston Eyskens, Belgian economist and politician, 47th Prime Minister of Belgium (d. 1988)
1905
Paul Hasluck, Australian historian, poet, and politician, 17th Governor-General of Australia (d. 1993)
1901
Whittaker Chambers, American journalist and spy (d. 1961)
1900
Stefanie Clausen, Danish Olympic diver (d. 1981)
1899
Gustavs Celmiņš, Latvian academic and politician (d. 1968)
1898
William James Sidis, Ukrainian-Russian Jewish American mathematician, anthropologist, and historian (d. 1944)
1895
Alberta Hunter, African-American singer-songwriter and nurse (d. 1984)
1893
Cicely Courtneidge, Australian-English actress (d. 1980)
1889
K. B. Hedgewar, Indian physician and activist (d. 1940)
1885
Wallace Beery, American actor (d. 1949)
1885
Clementine Churchill, English wife of Winston Churchill (d. 1977)
1883
Lon Chaney, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1930)
1883
Edvard Drabløs, Norwegian actor and director (d. 1976)
1883
Laurette Taylor, Irish-American actress (d. 1946)
1881
Octavian Goga, Romanian Prime Minister (d. 1938)
1879
Stanislaus Zbyszko, Polish wrestler and strongman (d. 1967)
1878
C. Ganesha Iyer, Ceylon Tamil philologist (d. 1958)
1875
Edgar Wallace, English journalist, author, and playwright (d. 1932)
1874
Ernest Barnes, English mathematician and theologian (d. 1953)
1874
Prince Karl of Bavaria (d. 1927)
1873
Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1943)
1871
F. Melius Christiansen, Norwegian-American violinist and conductor (d. 1955)
1868
Edmond Rostand, French poet and playwright (d. 1918)
1868
Walter Mead, English cricketer (d. 1954)
1866
William Blomfield, New Zealand cartoonist and politician (d. 1938)
1866
Ferruccio Busoni, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1924)
1866
Ève Lavallière, French actress (d. 1929)
1865
Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Austrian-German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1929)
1852
Edwin Austin Abbey, American painter and illustrator (d. 1911)
1834
James Fisk, American businessman (d. 1872)
1824
Louis-Zéphirin Moreau, Canadian bishop (d. 1901)
1823
Simon Bolivar Buckner, American general and politician, 30th Governor of Kentucky (d. 1891)
1815
Otto von Bismarck, German lawyer and politician, 1st Chancellor of the German Empire (d. 1898)
1815
Edward Clark, American lawyer and politician, 8th Governor of Texas (d. 1880)
1786
William Mulready, Irish genre painter (d. 1863)
1776
Sophie Germain, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher (d. 1831)
1765
Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver and etcher (d. 1810)
1755
Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer and politician (d. 1826)
1753
Joseph de Maistre, French philosopher, lawyer, and diplomat (d. 1821)
1741
George Dance the Younger, English architect and surveyor (d. 1825)
1721
Pieter Hellendaal, Dutch-English organist, violinist, and composer (d. 1799)
1697
Antoine François Prévost, French novelist and translator (d. 1763)
1647
John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet and courtier (d. 1680)
1640
Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician and academic (d. 1697)
1629
Jean-Henri d'Anglebert, French organist and composer (d. 1691)
1610
Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier and critic (d. 1703)
1578
William Harvey, English physician and academic (d. 1657)
1543
François de Bonne, Duke of Lesdiguières (d. 1626)
1328
Blanche of France, Duchess of Orléans (d. 1382)
1282
Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1347)
1220
Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)

Deaths On This Day

2019
Vonda N. McIntyre, American science fiction author (b.1948)
2018
Steven Bochco, American television writer and producer (b. 1943)
2017
Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Soviet and Russian poet and writer (b. 1932)
2015
Nicolae Rainea, Romanian footballer and referee (b. 1933)
2014
King Fleming, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1922)
2014
Jacques Le Goff, French historian and author (b. 1924)
2014
Rolf Rendtorff, German theologian and academic (b. 1925)
2013
Moses Blah, Liberian general and politician, 23rd President of Liberia (b. 1947)
2013
Karen Muir, South African swimmer and physician (b. 1952)
2012
Lionel Bowen, Australian soldier, lawyer, and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1922)
2012
Giorgio Chinaglia, Italian-American soccer player and radio host (b. 1947)
2012
Miguel de la Madrid, Mexican banker, academic, and politician, 52nd President of Mexico (b. 1934)
2010
John Forsythe, American actor (b. 1918)
2010
Tzannis Tzannetakis, Greek soldier and politician, 175th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1927)
2006
In Tam, Cambodian general and politician, 26th Prime Minister of Cambodia (b. 1916)
2005
Paul Bomani, Tanzanian politician and diplomat, 1st Tanzanian Minister of Finance (b 1925)
2005
Robert Coldwell Wood, American political scientist and academic (b. 1923)
2004
Ioannis Kyrastas, Greek footballer and manager (b. 1952)
2004
Carrie Snodgress, American actress (b. 1945)
2003
Leslie Cheung, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1956)
2002
Simo Häyhä, Finnish soldier and sniper (b. 1905)
2001
Trịnh Công Sơn, Vietnamese guitarist and composer (b. 1939)
1999
Jesse Stone, American pianist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1901)
1998
Rozz Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1963)
1997
Makar Honcharenko, Ukrainian footballer and manager (b. 1912)
1995
H. Adams Carter, American mountaineer, journalist, and educator (b. 1914)
1995
Francisco Moncion, Dominican American ballet dancer, choreographer, charter member of the New York City Ballet (b. 1918)
1995
Lucie Rie, Austrian-English potter (b. 1902)
1994
Robert Doisneau, French photographer (b. 1912)
1993
Alan Kulwicki, American race car driver (b. 1954)
1992
Michael Havers, Baron Havers, English lawyer and politician, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1923)
1991
Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1894)
1991
Jaime Guzmán, Chilean lawyer and politician (b. 1946)
1987
Henri Cochet, French tennis player (b. 1901)
1986
Erik Bruhn, Danish actor, director, and choreographer (b. 1928)
1984
Marvin Gaye, American singer-songwriter (b. 1939)
1984
Elizabeth Goudge, English author (b. 1900)
1981
Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai singer-songwriter and bandleader (b. 1910)
1976
Max Ernst, German painter and sculptor (b. 1891)
1968
Lev Landau, Azerbaijani-Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
1966
Brian O'Nolan, Irish author (b. 1911)
1965
Helena Rubinstein, Polish-American businesswoman (b. 1870)
1962
Jussi Kekkonen, Finnish captain and businessman (b. 1910)
1950
Charles R. Drew, American physician and surgeon (b. 1904)
1950
Recep Peker, Turkish soldier and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1889)
1947
George II, king of Greece (b. 1890)
1946
Noah Beery, Sr., American actor (b. 1882)
1924
Jacob Bolotin, American physician (b. 1888)
1924
Lloyd Hildebrand, English cyclist (b. 1870)
1924
Stan Rowley, Australian sprinter (b. 1876)
1922
Charles I, emperor of Austria (b. 1887)
1922
Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychologist and author (b. 1884)
1920
Walter Simon, German banker and philanthropist (b. 1857)
1917
Scott Joplin, American pianist and composer (b. 1868)
1914
Rube Waddell, American baseball player (b. 1876)
1914
Charles Wells, English founder of Charles Wells Ltd (b. 1842)
1890
David Wilber, American politician (b. 1820)
1890
Alexander Mozhaysky, Russian soldier, pilot, and engineer (b. 1825)
1878
John C.W. Daly, English-Canadian soldier and politician (b. 1796)
1872
Frederick Denison Maurice, English theologian and academic (b. 1805)
1865
Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (b. 1797)
1839
Benjamin Pierce, American soldier and politician, 11th Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1757)
1787
Floyer Sydenham, English scholar and academic (b. 1710)
1682
Franz Egon of Fürstenberg, Bavarian bishop (b. 1625)
1621
Cristofano Allori, Italian painter and educator (b. 1577)
1601
Françoise d'Orléans-Longueville, French princess (b. 1549)
1580
Alonso Mudarra, Spanish guitarist and composer (b. 1510)
1548
Sigismund I, king of Poland (b. 1467)
1528
Francisco de Peñalosa, Spanish composer (b. 1470)
1455
Zbigniew Oleśnicki, Polish cardinal and statesman (b. 1389)
1441
Blanche I, queen of Navarre and Sicily (b. 1387)
1431
Nuno Álvares Pereira, Portuguese general (b. 1360)
1282
Abaqa Khan, ruler of the Mongol Ilkhanate (b. 1234)
1205
Amalric II, king of Cyprus and Jerusalem
1204
Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of France and England (b. 1122)
1132
Hugh of Châteauneuf, French bishop (b. 1053)
1085
Shen Zong, Chinese emperor (b. 1048)
996
John XV, pope of the Catholic Church

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